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Turkey

Location

  • Geographical region: Asia
  • SDG region: Northern Africa and Western Asia

Area

  • Total area: 769,630 km2
  • Land use by sector: 50 % agriculture, 15 % forest and 35 % other

Population

  • Total: 83,429,615 people
  • Population density: 108 people per km2
  • Geographical distribution: 76 % lives in urban areas and 24 % lives in rural areas

Economy

  • GDP: 2,360,147,787,001 USD per year
  • GDP per capita: 28,289 USD per year
  • Value added by sector: 6 % from agriculture, 56 % from services and 28 % from industry
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SDG 6 snapshot in Turkey

  • Drinking water

    --- % of the population in Turkey use a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    78 % of the population in Turkey use a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    --- % of the population in Turkey have access to a basic handwashing facility (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2020)
  • Wastewater

    63 % of the household wastewater in Turkey are safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    --- % of water bodies covered by reporting in Turkey have a good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    14 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Turkey (SDG indicator 6.4.1 on water-use efficiency, 2018)
  • Water stress

    45 % of the renewable water resources in Turkey are being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2 on level of water stress, 2018)
  • Water management

    72 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management (IWRM) in Turkey (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020)
  • Transboundary

    --- % of transboundary basin area in Turkey have an operational agreement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    5.6 % is the change in spatial extent of water-related ecosystems in Turkey in 2016 (compared to the baseline year period of 2001–2005), based on earth observation data (SDG indicator 6.6.1)
  • Cooperation

    51 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursed to Turkey in 2019 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    --- Stakeholder participation is measured through multiple indicators which are not aggregated into one overall value (SDG indicator 6.b.1)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Turkey, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Turkey, by service level and by location(2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Turkey, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Turkey, by service level and by location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with handwashing facilities with soap and water at home in Turkey, by service level and by location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of household wastewater treated in Turkey (2020), compared to other countries in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater treated in Turkey, by stream (2020,2015)

6.3.2 Proportion of water bodies with good water quality in Turkey (2017-2020), compared to other countries in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Turkey, per capita and by source

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 593 (mm/year) (2017)

Renewable water resources: 2,621 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 730 m3 per capita (2016)

Environmental flow requirements: 36 % of the renewable water resources (2017)

6.4.2 Level of water stress in Turkey, change over time, compared to countries in the same region

Water withdrawal by sector in Turkey, as a percentage of total water withdrawal (2016)

6.4.1 Water use efficiency (USD/m3) in Turkey, progress over time, compared to other countries in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Turkey, score by dimension (2020)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation (%) in Turkey, by component [Year]

The “overall” SDG 6.5.2 indicator value represents the values for river and lake basins and transboundary aquifers combined. The SDG 6.5.2 indicator value can also be disaggregated into values for transboundary river and lake basins, and transboundary aquifers.

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursements (million 2017 USD) to Turkey, over time

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes assistance for drinking-water supply, sanitation, wastewater treatment, water resources conservation, development and management, agricultural water resources, flood protection, and hydroelectric power.

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursements (million USD) to Turkey, by sub-sector (2019)

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Turkey (million USD), by source

Stakeholder participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in Turkey

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in Turkey, progress over time