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Albania

Location

  • Geographical region: Southern Europe, Europe
  • SDG region: SDG Europe and Northern America

Land

  • Total area: --- km2
  • Land area: 27,400 km(2018)
  • Land use by sector: 43% agriculture, 28% forest and 29% other (2016)

People

  • Total population: 2,866,376 people (2018)
  • Population density: 105 people per km2 (2018)  
  • Urbanisation: 60% lives in urban areas and 40% lives in rural areas (2018)  

Economy

  • Total GDP: 35,274,374,648 USD per year (2018)
  • GDP per capita: 12,306 USD per year (2018)
  • Value added by sector: 18% from agriculture, 48% from services and 21% from industry (2018)
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SDG 6 snapshot in Albania

  • Drinking water

    71 % of the population in Albania uses a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    48 % of the population in Albania uses a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    --- % of the population in Albania has a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2020)
  • Wastewater

    13 % of domestic wastewater in Albania is safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    --- % of monitored water bodies in Albania has good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    9 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Albania (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2019)
  • Water stress

    7 % of the renewable water resources in Albania is being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2, 2019)
  • Water management

    47 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management in Albania (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020) 
  • Transboundary

    54 % of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    11 % of the water basins in Albania is experiencing rapid changes in the area covered by surface waters (SDG 6 indicator 6.6.1, 2020)
  • Cooperation

    49 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Albania in 2020 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + is the number of sub-sectors (out of 6) with a high level of participation by communities in Albania (SDG indicator 6.b.1, 2019)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Albania, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Albania, by service level and location (2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Albania, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Albania, by service level and location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home in Albania, by service level and location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated > Domestic in Albania (2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated in Albania, by source (2015 - 2020)

6.3.2 Level 1 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality in Albania (2017 - 2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Albania, total and per capita

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 1,485 (mm/year) (2019)

Renewable water resources: 10,307 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 434 m3 per capita (2006)

Environmental flow requirements: 46 % of the renewable water resources (2019)

6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources in Albania, change over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Albania, by sector (2019)

Water-use efficiency for ‘Agriculture, forestry and fishing’ only takes into account the proportion of gross value added that comes from irrigated agriculture, since that activity is associated with water withdrawal (other activities are rain-fed).

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Albania, progress over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Albania, progress over time, by dimension

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation in Albania, progress over time, by component

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Albania, over time

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Albania in 2020, by sub-sector

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes water sector policy and governance, water supply, sanitation, water sector policy, water resources conservation, river basins development, waste management/disposal, education and training, agricultural water resources and hydroelectric power.

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Albania, by funding source (2017)

Community participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in Albania (2019)

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in Albania, progress over time, by sub-sector