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Belgium

Location

  • Geographical region: Western Europe, Europe
  • SDG region: SDG Europe and Northern America

Land

  • Total area: --- km2
  • Land area: 30,280 km(2018)
  • Land use by sector: 45% agriculture, 23% forest and 32% other (2016)

People

  • Total population: 11,422,068 people (2018)
  • Population density: 377 people per km2 (2018)  
  • Urbanisation: 98% lives in urban areas and 2% lives in rural areas (2018)  

Economy

  • Total GDP: 493,638,389,304 USD per year (2018)
  • GDP per capita: 43,218 USD per year (2018)
  • Value added by sector: 1% from agriculture, 69% from services and 20% from industry (2018)
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SDG 6 snapshot in Belgium

  • Drinking water

    100 % of the population in Belgium uses a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    89 % of the population in Belgium uses a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    --- % of the population in Belgium has a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2020)
  • Wastewater

    92 % of domestic wastewater in Belgium is safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    --- % of monitored water bodies in Belgium has good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    102 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Belgium (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2019)
  • Water stress

    54 % of the renewable water resources in Belgium is being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2, 2019)
  • Water management

    82 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management in Belgium (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020) 
  • Transboundary

    100 % of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    25 % of the water basins in Belgium is experiencing rapid changes in the area covered by surface waters (SDG 6 indicator 6.6.1, 2020)
  • Cooperation

    n/a is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Belgium in 2020 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    --- is the number of sub-sectors (out of 6) with a high level of participation by communities in Belgium (SDG indicator 6.b.1, 2019)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Belgium, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Belgium, by service level and location (2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Belgium, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Belgium, by service level and location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home in Belgium, by service level and location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated > Domestic in Belgium (2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated in Belgium, by source (2015 - 2020)

6.3.2 Level 1 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality in Belgium (2017 - 2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Belgium, total and per capita

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 847 (mm/year) (2019)

Renewable water resources: 1,601 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 542 m3 per capita (2009)

Environmental flow requirements: 55 % of the renewable water resources (2019)

6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources in Belgium, change over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Belgium, by sector (2019)

Water-use efficiency for ‘Agriculture, forestry and fishing’ only takes into account the proportion of gross value added that comes from irrigated agriculture, since that activity is associated with water withdrawal (other activities are rain-fed).

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Belgium, progress over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Belgium, progress over time, by dimension

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation in Belgium, progress over time, by component

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

International cooperation and capacity-building

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Belgium, by funding source

Community participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in Belgium ()

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in Belgium, progress over time, by sub-sector