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Colombia

Location

  • Geographical region: Latin America and the Caribbean, Americas
  • SDG region: SDG Latin America and the Caribbean

Land

  • Total area: --- km2
  • Land area: 1,109,500 km(2018)
  • Land use by sector: 40% agriculture, 53% forest and 7% other (2016)

People

  • Total population: 49,648,685 people (2018)
  • Population density: 45 people per km2 (2018)  
  • Urbanisation: 81% lives in urban areas and 19% lives in rural areas (2018)  

Economy

  • Total GDP: 661,959,655,017 USD per year (2018)
  • GDP per capita: 13,333 USD per year (2018)
  • Value added by sector: 6% from agriculture, 58% from services and 27% from industry (2018)
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SDG 6 snapshot in Colombia

  • Drinking water

    73 % of the population in Colombia uses a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    18 % of the population in Colombia uses a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    68 % of the population in Colombia has a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2020)
  • Wastewater

    21 % of domestic wastewater in Colombia is safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    --- % of monitored water bodies in Colombia has good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    10 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Colombia (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2019)
  • Water stress

    4 % of the renewable water resources in Colombia is being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2, 2019)
  • Water management

    57 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management in Colombia (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020) 
  • Transboundary

    --- % of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    14 % of the water basins in Colombia is experiencing rapid changes in the area covered by surface waters (SDG 6 indicator 6.6.1, 2020)
  • Cooperation

    24 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Colombia in 2020 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + is the number of sub-sectors (out of 6) with a high level of participation by communities in Colombia (SDG indicator 6.b.1, 2019)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Colombia, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Colombia, by service level and location (2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Colombia, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Colombia, by service level and location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home in Colombia, by service level and location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated > Domestic in Colombia (2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated in Colombia, by source (2015 - 2020)

6.3.2 Level 1 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality in Colombia (2020 - 2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Colombia, total and per capita

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 3,240 (mm/year) (2019)

Renewable water resources: 48,098 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 251 m3 per capita (2008)

Environmental flow requirements: 72 % of the renewable water resources (2019)

6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources in Colombia, change over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Colombia, by sector (2019)

Water-use efficiency for ‘Agriculture, forestry and fishing’ only takes into account the proportion of gross value added that comes from irrigated agriculture, since that activity is associated with water withdrawal (other activities are rain-fed).

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Colombia, progress over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Colombia, progress over time, by dimension

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation in Colombia, progress over time, by component

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Colombia, over time

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Colombia in 2020, by sub-sector

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes water sector policy and governance, water supply, sanitation, water sector policy, water resources conservation, river basins development, waste management/disposal, education and training, agricultural water resources and hydroelectric power.

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Colombia, by funding source (2018)

Community participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in Colombia (2019)

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in Colombia, progress over time, by sub-sector