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Jamaica

Location

  • Geographical region: Latin America and the Caribbean, Americas
  • SDG region: SDG Latin America and the Caribbean
  • Small Island Developing States

Land

  • Total area: --- km2
  • Land area: 10,830 km(2018)
  • Land use by sector: 41% agriculture, 31% forest and 28% other (2016)

People

  • Total population: 2,934,855 people (2018)
  • Population density: 271 people per km2 (2018)  
  • Urbanisation: 56% lives in urban areas and 44% lives in rural areas (2018)  

Economy

  • Total GDP: 24,258,399,039 USD per year (2018)
  • GDP per capita: 8,266 USD per year (2018)
  • Value added by sector: 7% from agriculture, 59% from services and 20% from industry (2018)
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SDG 6 snapshot in Jamaica

  • Drinking water

    --- % of the population in Jamaica uses a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    --- % of the population in Jamaica uses a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    67 % of the population in Jamaica has a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2015)
  • Wastewater

    --- % of domestic wastewater in Jamaica is safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    57 % of monitored water bodies in Jamaica has good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    9 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Jamaica (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2019)
  • Water stress

    12 % of the renewable water resources in Jamaica is being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2, 2019)
  • Water management

    50 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management in Jamaica (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020) 
  • Transboundary

    n/a of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    0 % of the water basins in Jamaica is experiencing rapid changes in the area covered by surface waters (SDG 6 indicator 6.6.1, 2020)
  • Cooperation

    0 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Jamaica in 2020 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + is the number of sub-sectors (out of 6) with a high level of participation by communities in Jamaica (SDG indicator 6.b.1, 2019)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Jamaica, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Jamaica, by service level and location (2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Jamaica, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Jamaica, by service level and location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home in Jamaica, by service level and location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated > Domestic in Jamaica (2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated in Jamaica, by source (2015)

6.3.2 Level 1 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality in Jamaica (2020 - 2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Jamaica, total and per capita

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 2,051 (mm/year) (2019)

Renewable water resources: 3,744 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 468 m3 per capita (2016)

Environmental flow requirements: % of the renewable water resources ()

6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources in Jamaica, change over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Jamaica, by sector (2019)

Water-use efficiency for ‘Agriculture, forestry and fishing’ only takes into account the proportion of gross value added that comes from irrigated agriculture, since that activity is associated with water withdrawal (other activities are rain-fed).

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Jamaica, progress over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Jamaica, progress over time, by dimension

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation in Jamaica, progress over time, by component

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Jamaica, over time

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Jamaica in 2020, by sub-sector

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes water sector policy and governance, water supply, sanitation, water sector policy, water resources conservation, river basins development, waste management/disposal, education and training, agricultural water resources and hydroelectric power.

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Jamaica, by funding source (2017)

Community participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in Jamaica (2019)

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in Jamaica, progress over time, by sub-sector