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Pakistan

Location

  • Geographical region: Southern Asia, Asia
  • SDG region: SDG Central and Southern Asia

Land

  • Total area: --- km2
  • Land area: 770,880 km(2018)
  • Land use by sector: 48% agriculture, 2% forest and 50% other (2016)

People

  • Total population: 212,215,030 people (2018)
  • Population density: 275 people per km2 (2018)  
  • Urbanisation: 37% lives in urban areas and 63% lives in rural areas (2018)  

Economy

  • Total GDP: 1,045,778,997,943 USD per year (2018)
  • GDP per capita: 4,928 USD per year (2018)
  • Value added by sector: 23% from agriculture, 53% from services and 18% from industry (2018)
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SDG 6 snapshot in Pakistan

  • Drinking water

    36 % of the population in Pakistan uses a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    --- % of the population in Pakistan uses a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    80 % of the population in Pakistan has a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2020)
  • Wastewater

    --- % of domestic wastewater in Pakistan is safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    --- % of monitored water bodies in Pakistan has good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    2 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Pakistan (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2019)
  • Water stress

    109 % of the renewable water resources in Pakistan is being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2, 2019)
  • Water management

    56 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management in Pakistan (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020) 
  • Transboundary

    --- % of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    33 % of the water basins in Pakistan is experiencing rapid changes in the area covered by surface waters (SDG 6 indicator 6.6.1, 2020)
  • Cooperation

    165 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Pakistan in 2020 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + is the number of sub-sectors (out of 6) with a high level of participation by communities in Pakistan (SDG indicator 6.b.1, 2019)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Pakistan, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Pakistan, by service level and location (2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Pakistan, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Pakistan, by service level and location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home in Pakistan, by service level and location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated > Domestic in Pakistan (2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated in Pakistan, by source

6.3.2 Level 1 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality in Pakistan (2020 - 2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Pakistan, total and per capita

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 494 (mm/year) (2019)

Renewable water resources: 1,253 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 1,031 m3 per capita (2008)

Environmental flow requirements: 34 % of the renewable water resources (2019)

6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources in Pakistan, change over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Pakistan, by sector (2019)

Water-use efficiency for ‘Agriculture, forestry and fishing’ only takes into account the proportion of gross value added that comes from irrigated agriculture, since that activity is associated with water withdrawal (other activities are rain-fed).

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Pakistan, progress over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Pakistan, progress over time, by dimension

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation in Pakistan, progress over time, by component

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Pakistan, over time

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Pakistan in 2020, by sub-sector

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes water sector policy and governance, water supply, sanitation, water sector policy, water resources conservation, river basins development, waste management/disposal, education and training, agricultural water resources and hydroelectric power.

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Pakistan, by funding source (2017)

Community participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in Pakistan (2019)

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in Pakistan, progress over time, by sub-sector