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Papua New Guinea

Location

  • Geographical region: Melanesia, Oceania
  • SDG region: SDG Oceania (excluding Australia and New Zealand)
  • Small Island Developing States

Land

  • Total area: --- km2
  • Land area: 452,860 km(2018)
  • Land use by sector: 3% agriculture, 74% forest and 23% other (2016)

People

  • Total population: 8,606,316 people (2018)
  • Population density: 19 people per km2 (2018)  
  • Urbanisation: 13% lives in urban areas and 87% lives in rural areas (2018)  

Economy

  • Total GDP: 32,885,040,752 USD per year (2018)
  • GDP per capita: 3,821 USD per year (2018)
  • Value added by sector: 18% from agriculture, 0% from services and 35% from industry (2016)
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SDG 6 snapshot in Papua New Guinea

  • Drinking water

    --- % of the population in Papua New Guinea uses a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    --- % of the population in Papua New Guinea uses a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    30 % of the population in Papua New Guinea has a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2020)
  • Wastewater

    --- % of domestic wastewater in Papua New Guinea is safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    --- % of monitored water bodies in Papua New Guinea has good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    --- $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Papua New Guinea (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2019)
  • Water stress

    0 % of the renewable water resources in Papua New Guinea is being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2, 2019)
  • Water management

    19 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management in Papua New Guinea (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020) 
  • Transboundary

    --- % of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    36 % of the water basins in Papua New Guinea is experiencing rapid changes in the area covered by surface waters (SDG 6 indicator 6.6.1, 2020)
  • Cooperation

    17 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Papua New Guinea in 2020 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + is the number of sub-sectors (out of 6) with a high level of participation by communities in Papua New Guinea (SDG indicator 6.b.1, 2019)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Papua New Guinea, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Papua New Guinea, by service level and location (2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Papua New Guinea, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Papua New Guinea, by service level and location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home in Papua New Guinea, by service level and location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated > Domestic in Papua New Guinea (2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated in Papua New Guinea, by source (2015)

6.3.2 Level 1 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality in Papua New Guinea (2017 - 2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Papua New Guinea, total and per capita

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 3,142 (mm/year) (2019)

Renewable water resources: 97,079 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 59 m3 per capita (2005)

Environmental flow requirements: 63 % of the renewable water resources (2019)

6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources in Papua New Guinea, change over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Papua New Guinea, by sector (2019)

Water-use efficiency for ‘Agriculture, forestry and fishing’ only takes into account the proportion of gross value added that comes from irrigated agriculture, since that activity is associated with water withdrawal (other activities are rain-fed).

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Papua New Guinea, progress over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Papua New Guinea, progress over time, by dimension

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation in Papua New Guinea, progress over time, by component

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Papua New Guinea, over time

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Papua New Guinea in 2020, by sub-sector

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes water sector policy and governance, water supply, sanitation, water sector policy, water resources conservation, river basins development, waste management/disposal, education and training, agricultural water resources and hydroelectric power.

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Papua New Guinea, by funding source

Community participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in Papua New Guinea (2019)

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in Papua New Guinea, progress over time, by sub-sector