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Zimbabwe

Location

  • Geographical region: Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa
  • SDG region: SDG Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Land Locked Developing Countries

Land

  • Total area: --- km2
  • Land area: 386,850 km(2018)
  • Land use by sector: 42% agriculture, 36% forest and 22% other (2016)

People

  • Total population: 14,439,018 people (2018)
  • Population density: 37 people per km2 (2018)  
  • Urbanisation: 32% lives in urban areas and 68% lives in rural areas (2018)  

Economy

  • Total GDP: 38,817,956,228 USD per year (2018)
  • GDP per capita: 2,688 USD per year (2018)
  • Value added by sector: 12% from agriculture, 46% from services and 32% from industry (2018)
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SDG 6 snapshot in Zimbabwe

  • Drinking water

    30 % of the population in Zimbabwe uses a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    26 % of the population in Zimbabwe uses a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    42 % of the population in Zimbabwe has a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2020)
  • Wastewater

    23 % of domestic wastewater in Zimbabwe is safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    83 % of monitored water bodies in Zimbabwe has good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    4 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Zimbabwe (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2019)
  • Water stress

    35 % of the renewable water resources in Zimbabwe is being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2, 2019)
  • Water management

    63 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management in Zimbabwe (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020) 
  • Transboundary

    70 % of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    12 % of the water basins in Zimbabwe is experiencing rapid changes in the area covered by surface waters (SDG 6 indicator 6.6.1, 2020)
  • Cooperation

    18 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Zimbabwe in 2020 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + is the number of sub-sectors (out of 6) with a high level of participation by communities in Zimbabwe (SDG indicator 6.b.1, 2019)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Zimbabwe, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Zimbabwe, by service level and location (2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Zimbabwe, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Zimbabwe, by service level and location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home in Zimbabwe, by service level and location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated > Domestic in Zimbabwe (2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated in Zimbabwe, by source (2015 - 2020)

6.3.2 Level 1 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality in Zimbabwe (2017 - 2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Zimbabwe, total and per capita

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 657 (mm/year) (2019)

Renewable water resources: 1,210 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 268 m3 per capita (2007)

Environmental flow requirements: 45 % of the renewable water resources (2019)

6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources in Zimbabwe, change over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Zimbabwe, by sector (2019)

Water-use efficiency for ‘Agriculture, forestry and fishing’ only takes into account the proportion of gross value added that comes from irrigated agriculture, since that activity is associated with water withdrawal (other activities are rain-fed).

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Zimbabwe, progress over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Zimbabwe, progress over time, by dimension

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation in Zimbabwe, progress over time, by component

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Zimbabwe, over time

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Zimbabwe in 2020, by sub-sector

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes water sector policy and governance, water supply, sanitation, water sector policy, water resources conservation, river basins development, waste management/disposal, education and training, agricultural water resources and hydroelectric power.

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Zimbabwe, by funding source

Community participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in Zimbabwe (2019)

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in Zimbabwe, progress over time, by sub-sector