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Albania

Location

  • Geographical region: Europe
  • SDG region: Europe and Northern America

Area

  • Total area: 27,400 km2
  • Land use by sector: 43 % agriculture, 28 % forest and 29 % other

Population

  • Total: 2,854,191 people
  • Population density: 104 people per km2
  • Geographical distribution: 61 % lives in urban areas and 39 % lives in rural areas

Economy

  • GDP: 39,171,085,082 USD per year
  • GDP per capita: 13,724 USD per year
  • Value added by sector: 18 % from agriculture, 49 % from services and 20 % from industry
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SDG 6 snapshot in Albania

  • Drinking water

    71 % of the population in Albania use a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    48 % of the population in Albania use a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    --- % of the population in Albania have access to a basic handwashing facility (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2020)
  • Wastewater

    13 % of the household wastewater in Albania are safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    --- % of water bodies covered by reporting in Albania have a good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    10 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Albania (SDG indicator 6.4.1 on water-use efficiency, 2018)
  • Water stress

    6 % of the renewable water resources in Albania are being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2 on level of water stress, 2018)
  • Water management

    47 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management (IWRM) in Albania (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020)
  • Transboundary

    54 % of transboundary basin area in Albania have an operational agreement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    2.2 % is the change in spatial extent of water-related ecosystems in Albania in 2016 (compared to the baseline year period of 2001–2005), based on earth observation data (SDG indicator 6.6.1)
  • Cooperation

    48 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursed to Albania in 2019 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + Stakeholder participation is measured through multiple indicators which are not aggregated into one overall value (SDG indicator 6.b.1)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Albania, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Albania, by service level and by location(2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Albania, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Albania, by service level and by location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with handwashing facilities with soap and water at home in Albania, by service level and by location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of household wastewater treated in Albania (2020), compared to other countries in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater treated in Albania, by stream (2020,2015)

6.3.2 Proportion of water bodies with good water quality in Albania (2017-2020), compared to other countries in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Albania, per capita and by source

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 1,485 (mm/year) (2017)

Renewable water resources: 10,307 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 434 m3 per capita (2006)

Environmental flow requirements: 46 % of the renewable water resources (2017)

6.4.2 Level of water stress in Albania, change over time, compared to countries in the same region

Water withdrawal by sector in Albania, as a percentage of total water withdrawal (2006,2005)

6.4.1 Water use efficiency (USD/m3) in Albania, progress over time, compared to other countries in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Albania, score by dimension (2020)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation (%) in Albania, by component (2020)

The “overall” SDG 6.5.2 indicator value represents the values for river and lake basins and transboundary aquifers combined. The SDG 6.5.2 indicator value can also be disaggregated into values for transboundary river and lake basins, and transboundary aquifers.

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursements (million 2017 USD) to Albania, over time

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes assistance for drinking-water supply, sanitation, wastewater treatment, water resources conservation, development and management, agricultural water resources, flood protection, and hydroelectric power.

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursements (million USD) to Albania, by sub-sector (2019)

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Albania (million USD), by source ()

Stakeholder participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in Albania

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in Albania, progress over time