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Eswatini

Location

  • Geographical region: Africa
  • SDG region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Area

  • Total area: 17,200 km2
  • Land use by sector: 71 % agriculture, 34 % forest and -5 % other

Population

  • Total: 1,148,130 people
  • Population density: 67 people per km2
  • Geographical distribution: 24 % lives in urban areas and 76 % lives in rural areas

Economy

  • GDP: 9,898,977,769 USD per year
  • GDP per capita: 8,622 USD per year
  • Value added by sector: 8 % from agriculture, 52 % from services and 34 % from industry
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SDG 6 snapshot in Eswatini

  • Drinking water

    --- % of the population in Eswatini use a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    --- % of the population in Eswatini use a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    24 % of the population in Eswatini have access to a basic handwashing facility (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2020)
  • Wastewater

    18 % of the household wastewater in Eswatini are safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    88 % of water bodies covered by reporting in Eswatini have a good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    4 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Eswatini (SDG indicator 6.4.1 on water-use efficiency, 2018)
  • Water stress

    78 % of the renewable water resources in Eswatini are being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2 on level of water stress, 2018)
  • Water management

    59 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management (IWRM) in Eswatini (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020)
  • Transboundary

    92 % of transboundary basin area in Eswatini have an operational agreement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    55.1 % is the change in spatial extent of water-related ecosystems in Eswatini in 2016 (compared to the baseline year period of 2001–2005), based on earth observation data (SDG indicator 6.6.1)
  • Cooperation

    3 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursed to Eswatini in 2019 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + Stakeholder participation is measured through multiple indicators which are not aggregated into one overall value (SDG indicator 6.b.1)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Eswatini, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Eswatini, by service level and by location(2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Eswatini, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Eswatini, by service level and by location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with handwashing facilities with soap and water at home in Eswatini, by service level and by location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of household wastewater treated in Eswatini (2020), compared to other countries in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater treated in Eswatini, by stream (2015)

6.3.2 Proportion of water bodies with good water quality in Eswatini (2017-2020), compared to other countries in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Eswatini, per capita and by source

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 788 (mm/year) (2017)

Renewable water resources: 3,299 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 964 m3 per capita (2000)

Environmental flow requirements: 67 % of the renewable water resources (2017)

6.4.2 Level of water stress in Eswatini, change over time, compared to countries in the same region

Water withdrawal by sector in Eswatini, as a percentage of total water withdrawal (2000,2005)

6.4.1 Water use efficiency (USD/m3) in Eswatini, progress over time, compared to other countries in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Eswatini, score by dimension (2020)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation (%) in Eswatini, by component (2020)

The “overall” SDG 6.5.2 indicator value represents the values for river and lake basins and transboundary aquifers combined. The SDG 6.5.2 indicator value can also be disaggregated into values for transboundary river and lake basins, and transboundary aquifers.

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursements (million 2017 USD) to Eswatini, over time

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes assistance for drinking-water supply, sanitation, wastewater treatment, water resources conservation, development and management, agricultural water resources, flood protection, and hydroelectric power.

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursements (million USD) to Eswatini, by sub-sector (2019)

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Eswatini (million USD), by source

Stakeholder participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in Eswatini

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in Eswatini, progress over time