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Finland

Location

  • Geographical region: Europe
  • SDG region: Europe and Northern America

Area

  • Total area : 303,910 km2
  • Land used by sector : 7 % agriculture, 73 % forest and 20 % other

Population

  • Total : 6 million people
  • Population density : 18 people per km2
  • Geographical distribution : 85 % lives in urban areas and 15 % lives in rural areas

Economy

  • GDP : 231 billion USD per year
  • GDP per capita : 41,899 USD per year
  • Value added by sector : 2 % from agriculture, 59 % from services and 25 % from industry

Data provider : World Bank

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SDG 6 snapshot in Finland

  • Drinking water

    100 % of the population in Finland use a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2017)
  • Sanitation

    100 % of the population in Finland use a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2017)
  • Hygiene

    --- % of the population in Finland have access to a basic handwashing facility (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2017)
  • Wastewater

    84 % of the household wastewater in Finland are safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2015)
  • Water quality

    76 % of water bodies covered by reporting in Finland have a good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2017)
  • Efficiency

    32 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Finland (SDG indicator 6.4.1 on water-use efficiency, 2005)
  • Water stress

    16 % of the renewable water resources in Finland are being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2 on level of water stress, 2015)
  • Water management

    75 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management (IWRM) in Finland (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2017)
  • Transboundary

    100 % of transboundary basin area in Finland have an operational agreement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2017)
  • Ecosystems

    0.7 % is the change in spatial extent of water-related ecosystems in Finland in 2016 (compared to the baseline year period of 2001–2005), based on earth observation data (SDG indicator 6.6.1)
  • Cooperation

    n/a is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursed to Finland in 2017 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    --- Stakeholder participation is measured through multiple indicators which are not aggregated into one overall value (SDG indicator 6.b.1)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Finland, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Finland, by service level and by location (2017)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Finland, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Finland, by service level and by location (2017)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with handwashing facilities with soap and water at home in Finland, by service level and by location (2017)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of household wastewater treated in Finland (2015), compared to other countries in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater treated in Finland, by stream (2015)

6.3.2 Proportion of water bodies with good water quality in Finland (2017), compared to other countries in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Finland, per capita and by source

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 536 (mm/year) (2017)

Renewable water resources: 19,917 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 1,239 m3 per capita (2006)

Environmental flow requirements: 62 % of the renewable water resources (2017)

6.4.2 Level of water stress in Finland, change over time, compared to countries in the same region

Water withdrawal by sector in Finland, as a percentage of total water withdrawal (2005,2016)

6.4.1 Water use efficiency (USD/m3) in Finland, progress over time, compared to other countries in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Finland, score by dimension (2017)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation (%) in Finland, by component (2017)

The “overall” SDG 6.5.2 indicator value represents the values for river and lake basins and transboundary aquifers combined. The SDG 6.5.2 indicator value can also be disaggregated into values for transboundary river and lake basins, and transboundary aquifers.

International cooperation and capacity-building

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Finland (million 2014 USD), by source (())

Stakeholder participation

6.b.1 Existence of procedures defined in law or policy for participation of local communities in water and sanitation planning in Finland ()