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Indonesia

Location

  • Geographical region: South-eastern Asia, Asia
  • SDG region: SDG Eastern and South-Eastern Asia

Land

  • Total area: --- km2
  • Land area: 1,811,570 km(2018)
  • Land use by sector: 31% agriculture, 50% forest and 19% other (2016)

People

  • Total population: 267,663,435 people (2018)
  • Population density : 148 people per km2 (2018)  
  • Urbanisation: 55% lives in urban areas and 45% lives in rural areas (2018)  

Economy

  • Total GDP: 3,106,463,105,068 USD per year (2018)
  • GDP per capita: 11,606 USD per year (2018)
  • Value added by sector: 13% from agriculture, 43% from services and 40% from industry (2018)
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SDG 6 snapshot in Indonesia

  • Drinking water

    --- % of the population in Indonesia uses a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    --- % of the population in Indonesia uses a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    94 % of the population in Indonesia has a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2020)
  • Wastewater

    --- % of domestic wastewater in Indonesia is safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    --- % of monitored water bodies in Indonesia has good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    4 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Indonesia (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2018)
  • Water stress

    30 % of the renewable water resources in Indonesia is being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2, 2018)
  • Water management

    66 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management in Indonesia (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020) 
  • Transboundary

    1 % of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    27 % of the water basins in Indonesia is experiencing rapid changes in the area covered by surface waters (SDG 6 indicator 6.6.1, 2020)
  • Cooperation

    133 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Indonesia in 2019 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + is the number of sub-sectors (out of 6) with a high level of participation by communities in Indonesia (SDG indicator 6.b.1, 2014)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Indonesia, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Indonesia, by service level and location (2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Indonesia, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Indonesia, by service level and location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home in Indonesia, by service level and location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated > Domestic in Indonesia (2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated in Indonesia, by source

6.3.2 Level 1 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality in Indonesia (2020 - 2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Indonesia, total and per capita

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 2,702 (mm/year) (2017)

Renewable water resources: 7,648 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 843 m3 per capita (2016)

Environmental flow requirements: 63 % of the renewable water resources (2017)

6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources in Indonesia, change over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Indonesia, by sector (2016)

Water-use efficiency for ‘Agriculture, forestry and fishing’ only takes into account the proportion of gross value added that comes from irrigated agriculture, since that activity is associated with water withdrawal (other activities are rain-fed).

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Indonesia, progress over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Indonesia, progress over time, by dimension

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation in Indonesia, progress over time, by component

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Indonesia, over time

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Indonesia in 2019, by sub-sector

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes water sector policy and governance, water supply, sanitation, water sector policy, water resources conservation, river basins development, waste management/disposal, education and training, agricultural water resources and hydroelectric power.

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Indonesia, by funding source (2017)

Community participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in Indonesia (2019)

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in Indonesia, progress over time, by sub-sector