Welcome to the United Nations
Portal accessibility toolbar
Increase contrast
Increase font size
Decrease font size
Reset page style

Malaysia

Location

  • Geographical region: Asia
  • SDG region: Eastern and South-Eastern Asia

Area

  • Total area : 328,550 km2
  • Land used by sector : 26 % agriculture, 68 % forest and 6 % other

Population

  • Total : 32 million people
  • Population density : 96 people per km2
  • Geographical distribution : 76 % lives in urban areas and 24 % lives in rural areas

Economy

  • GDP : 888 billion USD per year
  • GDP per capita : 28,176 USD per year
  • Value added by sector : 8 % from agriculture, 52 % from services and 39 % from industry

Data provider : World Bank

×

Download snapshot

Format:

Resolution:

SDG 6 snapshot in Malaysia

  • Drinking water

    93 % of the population in Malaysia use a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2017)
  • Sanitation

    89 % of the population in Malaysia use a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2017)
  • Hygiene

    --- % of the population in Malaysia have access to a basic handwashing facility (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2017)
  • Wastewater

    72 % of the household wastewater in Malaysia are safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2015)
  • Water quality

    --- % of water bodies covered by reporting in Malaysia have a good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2017)
  • Efficiency

    17 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Malaysia (SDG indicator 6.4.1 on water-use efficiency, 2005)
  • Water stress

    3 % of the renewable water resources in Malaysia are being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2 on level of water stress, 2017)
  • Water management

    43 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management (IWRM) in Malaysia (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2017)
  • Transboundary

    --- % of transboundary basin area in Malaysia have an operational agreement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2017)
  • Ecosystems

    10.7 % is the change in spatial extent of water-related ecosystems in Malaysia in 2016 (compared to the baseline year period of 2001–2005), based on earth observation data (SDG indicator 6.6.1)
  • Cooperation

    2 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursed to Malaysia in 2017 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + Stakeholder participation is measured through multiple indicators which are not aggregated into one overall value (SDG indicator 6.b.1)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Malaysia, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Malaysia, by service level and by location (2017)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Malaysia, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Malaysia, by service level and by location (2017)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with handwashing facilities with soap and water at home in Malaysia, by service level and by location (2017)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of household wastewater treated in Malaysia (2015), compared to other countries in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater treated in Malaysia, by stream (2015)

6.3.2 Proportion of water bodies with good water quality in Malaysia (2017), compared to other countries in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Malaysia, per capita and by source

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 2,875 (mm/year) (2017)

Renewable water resources: 18,341 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 421 m3 per capita (2005)

Environmental flow requirements: 66 % of the renewable water resources (2017)

6.4.2 Level of water stress in Malaysia, change over time, compared to countries in the same region

Water withdrawal by sector in Malaysia, as a percentage of total water withdrawal (2005)

6.4.1 Water use efficiency (USD/m3) in Malaysia, progress over time, compared to other countries in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Malaysia, score by dimension (2017)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation (%) in Malaysia, by component (2017)

The “overall” SDG 6.5.2 indicator value represents the values for river and lake basins and transboundary aquifers combined. The SDG 6.5.2 indicator value can also be disaggregated into values for transboundary river and lake basins, and transboundary aquifers.

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursements (million 2017 USD) to Malaysia, over time

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes assistance for drinking-water supply, sanitation, wastewater treatment, water resources conservation, development and management, agricultural water resources, flood protection, and hydroelectric power.

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursements (million 2017 USD) to Malaysia, by sub-sector, in (2018)

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Malaysia (million 2014 USD), by source (())

Stakeholder participation

6.b.1 Existence of procedures defined in law or policy for participation of local communities in water and sanitation planning in Malaysia (2017)