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Mexico

Location

  • Geographical region: Central America, Americas
  • SDG region: SDG Latin America and the Caribbean

Land

  • Total area: --- km2
  • Land area: 1,943,950 km(2018)
  • Land use by sector: 55% agriculture, 34% forest and 11% other (2016)

People

  • Total population: 126,190,788 people (2018)
  • Population density : 65 people per km2 (2018)  
  • Urbanisation: 80% lives in urban areas and 20% lives in rural areas (2018)  

Economy

  • Total GDP: 2,284,293,545,478 USD per year (2018)
  • GDP per capita: 18,102 USD per year (2018)
  • Value added by sector: 3% from agriculture, 60% from services and 31% from industry (2018)
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SDG 6 snapshot in Mexico

  • Drinking water

    43 % of the population in Mexico uses a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    57 % of the population in Mexico uses a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    90 % of the population in Mexico has a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2019)
  • Wastewater

    60 % of domestic wastewater in Mexico is safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    55 % of monitored water bodies in Mexico has good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    13 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Mexico (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2019)
  • Water stress

    45 % of the renewable water resources in Mexico is being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2, 2019)
  • Water management

    42 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management in Mexico (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020) 
  • Transboundary

    39 % of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    24 % of the water basins in Mexico is experiencing rapid changes in the area covered by surface waters (SDG 6 indicator 6.6.1, 2020)
  • Cooperation

    1 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Mexico in 2020 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + is the number of sub-sectors (out of 6) with a high level of participation by communities in Mexico (SDG indicator 6.b.1, 2019)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Mexico, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Mexico, by service level and location (2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Mexico, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Mexico, by service level and location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home in Mexico, by service level and location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated > Domestic in Mexico (2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated in Mexico, by source (2015 - 2020)

6.3.2 Level 1 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality in Mexico (2020 - 2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Mexico, total and per capita

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 758 (mm/year) (2017)

Renewable water resources: 3,576 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 670 m3 per capita (2016)

Environmental flow requirements: 42 % of the renewable water resources (2017)

6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources in Mexico, change over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Mexico, by sector (2016)

Water-use efficiency for ‘Agriculture, forestry and fishing’ only takes into account the proportion of gross value added that comes from irrigated agriculture, since that activity is associated with water withdrawal (other activities are rain-fed).

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Mexico, progress over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Mexico, progress over time, by dimension

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation in Mexico, progress over time, by component

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Mexico, over time

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Mexico in 2020, by sub-sector

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes water sector policy and governance, water supply, sanitation, water sector policy, water resources conservation, river basins development, waste management/disposal, education and training, agricultural water resources and hydroelectric power.

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Mexico, by funding source

Community participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in Mexico (2019)

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in Mexico, progress over time, by sub-sector