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Mexico

Location

  • Geographical region: Americas
  • SDG region: Latin America and the Caribbean

Area

  • Total area : 1,943,950 km2
  • Land used by sector : 55 % agriculture, 34 % forest and 11 % other

Population

  • Total : 126 million people
  • Population density : 65 people per km2
  • Geographical distribution : 80 % lives in urban areas and 20 % lives in rural areas

Economy

  • GDP : 2,284 billion USD per year
  • GDP per capita : 18,102 USD per year
  • Value added by sector : 3 % from agriculture, 60 % from services and 31 % from industry

Data provider : World Bank

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SDG 6 snapshot in Mexico

  • Drinking water

    43 % of the population in Mexico use a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2017)
  • Sanitation

    50 % of the population in Mexico use a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2017)
  • Hygiene

    88 % of the population in Mexico have access to a basic handwashing facility (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2017)
  • Wastewater

    51 % of the household wastewater in Mexico are safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2015)
  • Water quality

    --- % of water bodies covered by reporting in Mexico have a good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2017)
  • Efficiency

    13 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Mexico (SDG indicator 6.4.1 on water-use efficiency, 2015)
  • Water stress

    33 % of the renewable water resources in Mexico are being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2 on level of water stress, 2017)
  • Water management

    49 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management (IWRM) in Mexico (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2017)
  • Transboundary

    1 % of transboundary basin area in Mexico have an operational agreement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2017)
  • Ecosystems

    10.4 % is the change in spatial extent of water-related ecosystems in Mexico in 2016 (compared to the baseline year period of 2001–2005), based on earth observation data (SDG indicator 6.6.1)
  • Cooperation

    13 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursed to Mexico in 2017 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + Stakeholder participation is measured through multiple indicators which are not aggregated into one overall value (SDG indicator 6.b.1)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Mexico, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Mexico, by service level and by location (2017)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Mexico, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Mexico, by service level and by location (2017)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with handwashing facilities with soap and water at home in Mexico, by service level and by location (2017)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of household wastewater treated in Mexico (2015), compared to other countries in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater treated in Mexico, by stream (2015)

6.3.2 Proportion of water bodies with good water quality in Mexico (2017), compared to other countries in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Mexico, per capita and by source

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 758 (mm/year) (2017)

Renewable water resources: 3,576 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 670 m3 per capita (2016)

Environmental flow requirements: 42 % of the renewable water resources (2017)

6.4.2 Level of water stress in Mexico, change over time, compared to countries in the same region

Water withdrawal by sector in Mexico, as a percentage of total water withdrawal (2016)

6.4.1 Water use efficiency (USD/m3) in Mexico, progress over time, compared to other countries in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Mexico, score by dimension (2017)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation (%) in Mexico, by component (2017)

The “overall” SDG 6.5.2 indicator value represents the values for river and lake basins and transboundary aquifers combined. The SDG 6.5.2 indicator value can also be disaggregated into values for transboundary river and lake basins, and transboundary aquifers.

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursements (million 2017 USD) to Mexico, over time

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes assistance for drinking-water supply, sanitation, wastewater treatment, water resources conservation, development and management, agricultural water resources, flood protection, and hydroelectric power.

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursements (million 2017 USD) to Mexico, by sub-sector, in (2018)

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Mexico (million 2014 USD), by source (2015)

Stakeholder participation

6.b.1 Existence of procedures defined in law or policy for participation of local communities in water and sanitation planning in Mexico (2017)