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Peru

Location

  • Geographical region: South America, Americas
  • SDG region: SDG Latin America and the Caribbean

Land

  • Total area: --- km2
  • Land area: 1,280,000 km(2018)
  • Land use by sector: 19% agriculture, 58% forest and 23% other (2016)

People

  • Total population: 31,989,256 people (2018)
  • Population density : 25 people per km2 (2018)  
  • Urbanisation: 78% lives in urban areas and 22% lives in rural areas (2018)  

Economy

  • Total GDP: 409,277,345,773 USD per year (2018)
  • GDP per capita: 12,794 USD per year (2018)
  • Value added by sector: 7% from agriculture, 54% from services and 31% from industry (2017)
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SDG 6 snapshot in Peru

  • Drinking water

    51 % of the population in Peru uses a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    53 % of the population in Peru uses a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    --- % of the population in Peru has a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2020)
  • Wastewater

    --- % of domestic wastewater in Peru is safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    25 % of monitored water bodies in Peru has good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    12 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Peru (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2018)
  • Water stress

    7 % of the renewable water resources in Peru is being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2, 2018)
  • Water management

    41 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management in Peru (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020) 
  • Transboundary

    --- % of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    9 % of the water basins in Peru is experiencing rapid changes in the area covered by surface waters (SDG 6 indicator 6.6.1, 2020)
  • Cooperation

    50 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Peru in 2019 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + is the number of sub-sectors (out of 6) with a high level of participation by communities in Peru (SDG indicator 6.b.1, 2019)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Peru, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Peru, by service level and location (2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Peru, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Peru, by service level and location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home in Peru, by service level and location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated > Domestic in Peru (2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated in Peru, by source (2015)

6.3.2 Level 1 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality in Peru (2020 - 2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Peru, total and per capita

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 1,738 (mm/year) (2017)

Renewable water resources: 58,449 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 453 m3 per capita (2008)

Environmental flow requirements: 71 % of the renewable water resources (2017)

6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources in Peru, change over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Peru, by sector (2008)

Water-use efficiency for ‘Agriculture, forestry and fishing’ only takes into account the proportion of gross value added that comes from irrigated agriculture, since that activity is associated with water withdrawal (other activities are rain-fed).

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Peru, progress over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Peru, progress over time, by dimension

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation in Peru, progress over time, by component

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Peru, over time

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Peru in 2019, by sub-sector

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes water sector policy and governance, water supply, sanitation, water sector policy, water resources conservation, river basins development, waste management/disposal, education and training, agricultural water resources and hydroelectric power.

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Peru, by funding source (2017)

Community participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in Peru (2019)

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in Peru, progress over time, by sub-sector