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Saudi Arabia

Location

  • Geographical region: Asia
  • SDG region: Northern Africa and Western Asia

Area

  • Total area: 2,149,690 km2
  • Land use by sector: 81 % agriculture, -- % forest and 19 % other

Population

  • Total: 34,268,528 people
  • Population density: 16 people per km2
  • Geographical distribution: 84 % lives in urban areas and 16 % lives in rural areas

Economy

  • GDP: 1,609,323,719,894 USD per year
  • GDP per capita: 46,962 USD per year
  • Value added by sector: 2 % from agriculture, 50 % from services and 41 % from industry
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SDG 6 snapshot in Saudi Arabia

  • Drinking water

    --- % of the population in Saudi Arabia use a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    59 % of the population in Saudi Arabia use a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    --- % of the population in Saudi Arabia have access to a basic handwashing facility (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2020)
  • Wastewater

    80 % of the household wastewater in Saudi Arabia are safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    --- % of water bodies covered by reporting in Saudi Arabia have a good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    28 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Saudi Arabia (SDG indicator 6.4.1 on water-use efficiency, 2018)
  • Water stress

    993 % of the renewable water resources in Saudi Arabia are being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2 on level of water stress, 2018)
  • Water management

    57 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management (IWRM) in Saudi Arabia (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020)
  • Transboundary

    --- % of transboundary basin area in Saudi Arabia have an operational agreement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    3.7 % is the change in spatial extent of water-related ecosystems in Saudi Arabia in 2016 (compared to the baseline year period of 2001–2005), based on earth observation data (SDG indicator 6.6.1)
  • Cooperation

    n/a is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursed to Saudi Arabia in 2019 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    --- Stakeholder participation is measured through multiple indicators which are not aggregated into one overall value (SDG indicator 6.b.1)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Saudi Arabia, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Saudi Arabia, by service level and by location(2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Saudi Arabia, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Saudi Arabia, by service level and by location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with handwashing facilities with soap and water at home in Saudi Arabia, by service level and by location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of household wastewater treated in Saudi Arabia (2020), compared to other countries in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater treated in Saudi Arabia, by stream (2020,2015)

6.3.2 Proportion of water bodies with good water quality in Saudi Arabia (2017-2020), compared to other countries in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Saudi Arabia, per capita and by source

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 59 (mm/year) (2017)

Renewable water resources: 73 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 709 m3 per capita (2017)

Environmental flow requirements: 0 % of the renewable water resources ()

6.4.2 Level of water stress in Saudi Arabia, change over time, compared to countries in the same region

Water withdrawal by sector in Saudi Arabia, as a percentage of total water withdrawal (2017)

6.4.1 Water use efficiency (USD/m3) in Saudi Arabia, progress over time, compared to other countries in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Saudi Arabia, score by dimension (2020)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation (%) in Saudi Arabia, by component [Year]

The “overall” SDG 6.5.2 indicator value represents the values for river and lake basins and transboundary aquifers combined. The SDG 6.5.2 indicator value can also be disaggregated into values for transboundary river and lake basins, and transboundary aquifers.

International cooperation and capacity-building

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Saudi Arabia (million USD), by source

Stakeholder participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in Saudi Arabia

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in Saudi Arabia, progress over time