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Sri Lanka

Location

  • Geographical region: Asia
  • SDG region: Central and Southern Asia

Area

  • Total area : 62,710 km2
  • Land used by sector : 44 % agriculture, 33 % forest and 23 % other

Population

  • Total : 22 million people
  • Population density : 346 people per km2
  • Geographical distribution : 18 % lives in urban areas and 82 % lives in rural areas

Economy

  • GDP : 259 billion USD per year
  • GDP per capita : 11,955 USD per year
  • Value added by sector : 8 % from agriculture, 57 % from services and 27 % from industry

Data provider : World Bank

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SDG 6 snapshot in Sri Lanka

  • Drinking water

    --- % of the population in Sri Lanka use a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2017)
  • Sanitation

    --- % of the population in Sri Lanka use a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2017)
  • Hygiene

    --- % of the population in Sri Lanka have access to a basic handwashing facility (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2017)
  • Wastewater

    --- % of the household wastewater in Sri Lanka are safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2015)
  • Water quality

    --- % of water bodies covered by reporting in Sri Lanka have a good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2017)
  • Efficiency

    3 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Sri Lanka (SDG indicator 6.4.1 on water-use efficiency, 2005)
  • Water stress

    91 % of the renewable water resources in Sri Lanka are being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2 on level of water stress, 2014)
  • Water management

    25 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management (IWRM) in Sri Lanka (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2017)
  • Transboundary

    n/a of transboundary basin area in Sri Lanka have an operational agreement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2017)
  • Ecosystems

    6.3 % is the change in spatial extent of water-related ecosystems in Sri Lanka in 2016 (compared to the baseline year period of 2001–2005), based on earth observation data (SDG indicator 6.6.1)
  • Cooperation

    145 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursed to Sri Lanka in 2017 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    --- Stakeholder participation is measured through multiple indicators which are not aggregated into one overall value (SDG indicator 6.b.1)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Sri Lanka, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Sri Lanka, by service level and by location (2017)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Sri Lanka, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Sri Lanka, by service level and by location (2017)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with handwashing facilities with soap and water at home in Sri Lanka, by service level and by location (2017)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of household wastewater treated in Sri Lanka (), compared to other countries in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater treated in Sri Lanka, by stream ()

6.3.2 Proportion of water bodies with good water quality in Sri Lanka (), compared to other countries in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Sri Lanka, per capita and by source

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 1,712 (mm/year) (2017)

Renewable water resources: 2,529 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 654 m3 per capita (2005)

Environmental flow requirements: 74 % of the renewable water resources (2017)

6.4.2 Level of water stress in Sri Lanka, change over time, compared to countries in the same region

Water withdrawal by sector in Sri Lanka, as a percentage of total water withdrawal (2005)

6.4.1 Water use efficiency (USD/m3) in Sri Lanka, progress over time, compared to other countries in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Sri Lanka, score by dimension (2017)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation (%) in Sri Lanka, by component (2017)

The “overall” SDG 6.5.2 indicator value represents the values for river and lake basins and transboundary aquifers combined. The SDG 6.5.2 indicator value can also be disaggregated into values for transboundary river and lake basins, and transboundary aquifers.

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursements (million 2017 USD) to Sri Lanka, over time

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes assistance for drinking-water supply, sanitation, wastewater treatment, water resources conservation, development and management, agricultural water resources, flood protection, and hydroelectric power.

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursements (million 2017 USD) to Sri Lanka, by sub-sector, in (2018)

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Sri Lanka (million 2014 USD), by source (2018)

Stakeholder participation

6.b.1 Existence of procedures defined in law or policy for participation of local communities in water and sanitation planning in Sri Lanka ()