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Tunisia

Location

  • Geographical region: Africa
  • SDG region: Northern Africa and Western Asia

Area

  • Total area: 155,360 km2
  • Land use by sector: 65 % agriculture, 7 % forest and 28 % other

Population

  • Total: 11,694,719 people
  • Population density: 75 people per km2
  • Geographical distribution: 69 % lives in urban areas and 31 % lives in rural areas

Economy

  • GDP: 125,783,815,011 USD per year
  • GDP per capita: 10,756 USD per year
  • Value added by sector: 10 % from agriculture, 62 % from services and 22 % from industry
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SDG 6 snapshot in Tunisia

  • Drinking water

    79 % of the population in Tunisia use a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    81 % of the population in Tunisia use a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    84 % of the population in Tunisia have access to a basic handwashing facility (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2020)
  • Wastewater

    60 % of the household wastewater in Tunisia are safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    85 % of water bodies covered by reporting in Tunisia have a good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    10 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Tunisia (SDG indicator 6.4.1 on water-use efficiency, 2018)
  • Water stress

    96 % of the renewable water resources in Tunisia are being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2 on level of water stress, 2018)
  • Water management

    60 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management (IWRM) in Tunisia (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020)
  • Transboundary

    80 % of transboundary basin area in Tunisia have an operational agreement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    -0.2 % is the change in spatial extent of water-related ecosystems in Tunisia in 2016 (compared to the baseline year period of 2001–2005), based on earth observation data (SDG indicator 6.6.1)
  • Cooperation

    113 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursed to Tunisia in 2019 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + Stakeholder participation is measured through multiple indicators which are not aggregated into one overall value (SDG indicator 6.b.1)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Tunisia, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Tunisia, by service level and by location(2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Tunisia, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Tunisia, by service level and by location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with handwashing facilities with soap and water at home in Tunisia, by service level and by location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of household wastewater treated in Tunisia (2020), compared to other countries in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater treated in Tunisia, by stream (2020,2015)

6.3.2 Proportion of water bodies with good water quality in Tunisia (2017-2020), compared to other countries in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Tunisia, per capita and by source

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 207 (mm/year) (2017)

Renewable water resources: 400 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 423 m3 per capita (2017)

Environmental flow requirements: 22 % of the renewable water resources (2017)

6.4.2 Level of water stress in Tunisia, change over time, compared to countries in the same region

Water withdrawal by sector in Tunisia, as a percentage of total water withdrawal (2017)

6.4.1 Water use efficiency (USD/m3) in Tunisia, progress over time, compared to other countries in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Tunisia, score by dimension (2020)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation (%) in Tunisia, by component (2020)

The “overall” SDG 6.5.2 indicator value represents the values for river and lake basins and transboundary aquifers combined. The SDG 6.5.2 indicator value can also be disaggregated into values for transboundary river and lake basins, and transboundary aquifers.

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursements (million 2017 USD) to Tunisia, over time

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes assistance for drinking-water supply, sanitation, wastewater treatment, water resources conservation, development and management, agricultural water resources, flood protection, and hydroelectric power.

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursements (million USD) to Tunisia, by sub-sector (2019)

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Tunisia (million USD), by source

Stakeholder participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in Tunisia

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in Tunisia, progress over time