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Viet Nam

Location

  • Geographical region: Asia
  • SDG region: Eastern and South-Eastern Asia

Area

  • Total area: 310,070 km2
  • Land use by sector: 39 % agriculture, 48 % forest and 13 % other

Population

  • Total: 95,540,395 people
  • Population density: 308 people per km2
  • Geographical distribution: 36 % lives in urban areas and 64 % lives in rural areas

Economy

  • GDP: 631,390,326,246 USD per year
  • GDP per capita: 6,609 USD per year
  • Value added by sector: 15 % from agriculture, 41 % from services and 34 % from industry
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SDG 6 snapshot in Viet Nam

  • Drinking water

    --- % of the population in Viet Nam use a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2017)
  • Sanitation

    --- % of the population in Viet Nam use a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2017)
  • Hygiene

    86 % of the population in Viet Nam have access to a basic handwashing facility (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2017)
  • Wastewater

    --- % of the household wastewater in Viet Nam are safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2015)
  • Water quality

    --- % of water bodies covered by reporting in Viet Nam have a good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    2 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Viet Nam (SDG indicator 6.4.1 on water-use efficiency, 2015)
  • Water stress

    18 % of the renewable water resources in Viet Nam are being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2 on level of water stress, 2014)
  • Water management

    38 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management (IWRM) in Viet Nam (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2017)
  • Transboundary

    --- % of transboundary basin area in Viet Nam have an operational agreement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2018)
  • Ecosystems

    11.7 % is the change in spatial extent of water-related ecosystems in Viet Nam in 2016 (compared to the baseline year period of 2001–2005), based on earth observation data (SDG indicator 6.6.1)
  • Cooperation

    409 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursed to Viet Nam in 2019 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + Stakeholder participation is measured through multiple indicators which are not aggregated into one overall value (SDG indicator 6.b.1)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Viet Nam, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Viet Nam, by service level and by location(2017)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Viet Nam, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Viet Nam, by service level and by location (2017)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with handwashing facilities with soap and water at home in Viet Nam, by service level and by location (2017)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of household wastewater treated in Viet Nam (2015), compared to other countries in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater treated in Viet Nam, by stream (2015)

6.3.2 Proportion of water bodies with good water quality in Viet Nam (2017,2020), compared to other countries in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Viet Nam, per capita and by source

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 1,821 (mm/year) (2017)

Renewable water resources: 9,254 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 955 m3 per capita (2005)

Environmental flow requirements: 49 % of the renewable water resources (2017)

6.4.2 Level of water stress in Viet Nam, change over time, compared to countries in the same region

Water withdrawal by sector in Viet Nam, as a percentage of total water withdrawal (2005)

6.4.1 Water use efficiency (USD/m3) in Viet Nam, progress over time, compared to other countries in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Viet Nam, score by dimension (2017)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation (%) in Viet Nam, by component (2018)

The “overall” SDG 6.5.2 indicator value represents the values for river and lake basins and transboundary aquifers combined. The SDG 6.5.2 indicator value can also be disaggregated into values for transboundary river and lake basins, and transboundary aquifers.

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursements (million 2017 USD) to Viet Nam, over time

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes assistance for drinking-water supply, sanitation, wastewater treatment, water resources conservation, development and management, agricultural water resources, flood protection, and hydroelectric power.

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursements (million USD) to Viet Nam, by sub-sector (2018)

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Viet Nam (million USD), by source ()

Stakeholder participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in Viet Nam

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in Viet Nam, progress over time