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Eritrea

Location

  • Geographical region: Africa
  • SDG region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Area

  • Total area: 101,000 km2
  • Land used by sector : 75 % agriculture, 15 % forest and 10 % other

Population

  • Total: 0 people
  • Population density : 0 people per km2
  • Geographical distribution : --- % lives in urban areas and --- % lives in rural areas

Economy

  • GDP: 6,758,835,465 USD per year
  • GDP per capita: 2,103 USD per year
  • Value added by sector : 14 % from agriculture, -- % from services and 22 % from industry

Data provider: World Bank

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SDG 6 snapshot in Eritrea

  • Drinking water

    --- % of the population in Eritrea use a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2017)
  • Sanitation

    --- % of the population in Eritrea use a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2017)
  • Hygiene

    --- % of the population in Eritrea have access to a basic handwashing facility (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2017)
  • Wastewater

    --- % of the household wastewater in Eritrea are safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2015)
  • Water quality

    --- % of water bodies covered by reporting in Eritrea have a good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2017)
  • Efficiency

    5 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Eritrea (SDG indicator 6.4.1 on water-use efficiency, 2005)
  • Water stress

    11 % of the renewable water resources in Eritrea are being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2 on level of water stress, 2013)
  • Water management

    --- % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management (IWRM) in Eritrea (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2017)
  • Transboundary

    --- % of transboundary basin area in Eritrea have an operational agreement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2017)
  • Ecosystems

    51.3 % is the change in spatial extent of water-related ecosystems in Eritrea in 2016 (compared to the baseline year period of 2001–2005), based on earth observation data (SDG indicator 6.6.1)
  • Cooperation

    1 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursed to Eritrea in 2017 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    --- Stakeholder participation is measured through multiple indicators which are not aggregated into one overall value (SDG indicator 6.b.1)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Eritrea, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Eritrea, by service level and by location (2017)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Eritrea, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Eritrea, by service level and by location (2017)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with handwashing facilities with soap and water at home in Eritrea, by service level and by location (2017)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of household wastewater treated in Eritrea (2015), compared to other countries in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater treated in Eritrea, by stream ()

6.3.2 Proportion of water bodies with good water quality in Eritrea (2017), compared to other countries in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Eritrea, per capita and by source

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 384 (mm/year) (2017)

Renewable water resources: 1,443 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 140 m3 per capita (2004)

Environmental flow requirements: 27 % of the renewable water resources (2017)

6.4.2 Level of water stress in Eritrea, change over time, compared to countries in the same region

Water withdrawal by sector in Eritrea, as a percentage of total water withdrawal (2004)

6.4.1 Water use efficiency (USD/m3) in Eritrea, progress over time, compared to other countries in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Eritrea, score by dimension ()

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation (%) in Eritrea, by component ()

The “overall” SDG 6.5.2 indicator value represents the values for river and lake basins and transboundary aquifers combined. The SDG 6.5.2 indicator value can also be disaggregated into values for transboundary river and lake basins, and transboundary aquifers.

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursements (million 2017 USD) to Eritrea, over time

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes assistance for drinking-water supply, sanitation, wastewater treatment, water resources conservation, development and management, agricultural water resources, flood protection, and hydroelectric power.

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursements (million 2017 USD) to Eritrea, by sub-sector, in (2018)

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Eritrea (million 2014 USD), by source (())

Stakeholder participation

6.b.1 Existence of procedures defined in law or policy for participation of local communities in water and sanitation planning in Eritrea ()