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Madagascar

Location

  • Geographical region: Africa
  • SDG region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Area

  • Total area: 581,800 km2
  • Land used by sector : 71 % agriculture, 21 % forest and 8 % other

Population

  • Total: 26,262,368 people
  • Population density : 45 people per km2
  • Geographical distribution : 37 % lives in urban areas and 63 % lives in rural areas

Economy

  • GDP: 38,148,368,886 USD per year
  • GDP per capita: 1,453 USD per year
  • Value added by sector : 20 % from agriculture, 44 % from services and 23 % from industry

Data provider: World Bank

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SDG 6 snapshot in Madagascar

  • Drinking water

    --- % of the population in Madagascar use a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2017)
  • Sanitation

    --- % of the population in Madagascar use a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2017)
  • Hygiene

    --- % of the population in Madagascar have access to a basic handwashing facility (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2017)
  • Wastewater

    --- % of the household wastewater in Madagascar are safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2015)
  • Water quality

    91 % of water bodies covered by reporting in Madagascar have a good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2017)
  • Efficiency

    1 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Madagascar (SDG indicator 6.4.1 on water-use efficiency, 2005)
  • Water stress

    11 % of the renewable water resources in Madagascar are being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2 on level of water stress, 2014)
  • Water management

    36 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management (IWRM) in Madagascar (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2017)
  • Transboundary

    n/a of transboundary basin area in Madagascar have an operational agreement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2017)
  • Ecosystems

    -4.5 % is the change in spatial extent of water-related ecosystems in Madagascar in 2016 (compared to the baseline year period of 2001–2005), based on earth observation data (SDG indicator 6.6.1)
  • Cooperation

    27 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursed to Madagascar in 2017 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + Stakeholder participation is measured through multiple indicators which are not aggregated into one overall value (SDG indicator 6.b.1)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Madagascar, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Madagascar, by service level and by location (2017)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Madagascar, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Madagascar, by service level and by location (2017)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with handwashing facilities with soap and water at home in Madagascar, by service level and by location (2017)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of household wastewater treated in Madagascar (2015), compared to other countries in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater treated in Madagascar, by stream ()

6.3.2 Proportion of water bodies with good water quality in Madagascar (2017), compared to other countries in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Madagascar, per capita and by source

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 1,513 (mm/year) (2017)

Renewable water resources: 13,179 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 698 m3 per capita (2006)

Environmental flow requirements: 65 % of the renewable water resources (2017)

6.4.2 Level of water stress in Madagascar, change over time, compared to countries in the same region

Water withdrawal by sector in Madagascar, as a percentage of total water withdrawal (2005,2006)

6.4.1 Water use efficiency (USD/m3) in Madagascar, progress over time, compared to other countries in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Madagascar, score by dimension (2017)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation (%) in Madagascar, by component (2017)

The “overall” SDG 6.5.2 indicator value represents the values for river and lake basins and transboundary aquifers combined. The SDG 6.5.2 indicator value can also be disaggregated into values for transboundary river and lake basins, and transboundary aquifers.

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursements (million 2017 USD) to Madagascar, over time

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes assistance for drinking-water supply, sanitation, wastewater treatment, water resources conservation, development and management, agricultural water resources, flood protection, and hydroelectric power.

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursements (million 2017 USD) to Madagascar, by sub-sector, in (2018)

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Madagascar (million 2014 USD), by source (2017)

Stakeholder participation

6.b.1 Existence of procedures defined in law or policy for participation of local communities in water and sanitation planning in Madagascar (2017)