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Somalia

Location

  • Geographical region: Africa
  • SDG region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Area

  • Total area : 627,340 km2
  • Land used by sector : 70 % agriculture, 10 % forest and 20 % other

Population

  • Total : 15 million people
  • Population density : 24 people per km2
  • Geographical distribution : 45 % lives in urban areas and 55 % lives in rural areas

Economy

  • GDP : -- billion USD per year
  • GDP per capita : -- USD per year
  • Value added by sector : 63 % from agriculture, -- % from services and 10 % from industry

Data provider : World Bank

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SDG 6 snapshot in Somalia

  • Drinking water

    --- % of the population in Somalia use a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2017)
  • Sanitation

    --- % of the population in Somalia use a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2017)
  • Hygiene

    10 % of the population in Somalia have access to a basic handwashing facility (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2017)
  • Wastewater

    1 % of the household wastewater in Somalia are safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2015)
  • Water quality

    --- % of water bodies covered by reporting in Somalia have a good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2017)
  • Efficiency

    0 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Somalia (SDG indicator 6.4.1 on water-use efficiency, 2000)
  • Water stress

    25 % of the renewable water resources in Somalia are being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2 on level of water stress, 2005)
  • Water management

    10 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management (IWRM) in Somalia (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2017)
  • Transboundary

    0 % of transboundary basin area in Somalia have an operational agreement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2017)
  • Ecosystems

    -17.5 % is the change in spatial extent of water-related ecosystems in Somalia in 2016 (compared to the baseline year period of 2001–2005), based on earth observation data (SDG indicator 6.6.1)
  • Cooperation

    20 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursed to Somalia in 2017 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    --- Stakeholder participation is measured through multiple indicators which are not aggregated into one overall value (SDG indicator 6.b.1)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Somalia, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in Somalia, by service level and by location (2017)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Somalia, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in Somalia, by service level and by location (2017)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with handwashing facilities with soap and water at home in Somalia, by service level and by location (2017)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of household wastewater treated in Somalia (2015), compared to other countries in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater treated in Somalia, by stream (2015)

6.3.2 Proportion of water bodies with good water quality in Somalia (2017), compared to other countries in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Somalia, per capita and by source

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 282 (mm/year) (2017)

Renewable water resources: 997 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 299 m3 per capita (2003)

Environmental flow requirements: 7 % of the renewable water resources (2017)

6.4.2 Level of water stress in Somalia, change over time, compared to countries in the same region

Water withdrawal by sector in Somalia, as a percentage of total water withdrawal (2003)

6.4.1 Water use efficiency (USD/m3) in Somalia, progress over time, compared to other countries in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Somalia, score by dimension (2017)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation (%) in Somalia, by component (2017)

The “overall” SDG 6.5.2 indicator value represents the values for river and lake basins and transboundary aquifers combined. The SDG 6.5.2 indicator value can also be disaggregated into values for transboundary river and lake basins, and transboundary aquifers.

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursements (million 2017 USD) to Somalia, over time

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes assistance for drinking-water supply, sanitation, wastewater treatment, water resources conservation, development and management, agricultural water resources, flood protection, and hydroelectric power.

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursements (million 2017 USD) to Somalia, by sub-sector, in (2018)

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Somalia (million 2014 USD), by source (())

Stakeholder participation

6.b.1 Existence of procedures defined in law or policy for participation of local communities in water and sanitation planning in Somalia ()