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South Africa

Location

  • Geographical region: Africa
  • SDG region: Sub-Saharan Africa

Area

  • Total area: 1,213,090 km2
  • Land used by sector : 80 % agriculture, 8 % forest and 12 % other

Population

  • Total: 57,779,622 people
  • Population density : 48 people per km2
  • Geographical distribution : 66 % lives in urban areas and 34 % lives in rural areas

Economy

  • GDP: 701,645,323,855 USD per year
  • GDP per capita: 12,143 USD per year
  • Value added by sector : 2 % from agriculture, 61 % from services and 26 % from industry

Data provider: World Bank

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SDG 6 snapshot in South Africa

  • Drinking water

    --- % of the population in South Africa use a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2017)
  • Sanitation

    --- % of the population in South Africa use a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2017)
  • Hygiene

    44 % of the population in South Africa have access to a basic handwashing facility (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2017)
  • Wastewater

    --- % of the household wastewater in South Africa are safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2015)
  • Water quality

    47 % of water bodies covered by reporting in South Africa have a good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2017)
  • Efficiency

    18 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in South Africa (SDG indicator 6.4.1 on water-use efficiency, 2015)
  • Water stress

    62 % of the renewable water resources in South Africa are being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2 on level of water stress, 2017)
  • Water management

    65 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management (IWRM) in South Africa (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2017)
  • Transboundary

    --- % of transboundary basin area in South Africa have an operational agreement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2017)
  • Ecosystems

    7.4 % is the change in spatial extent of water-related ecosystems in South Africa in 2016 (compared to the baseline year period of 2001–2005), based on earth observation data (SDG indicator 6.6.1)
  • Cooperation

    2 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursed to South Africa in 2017 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + Stakeholder participation is measured through multiple indicators which are not aggregated into one overall value (SDG indicator 6.b.1)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in South Africa, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in South Africa, by service level and by location (2017)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in South Africa, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in South Africa, by service level and by location (2017)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with handwashing facilities with soap and water at home in South Africa, by service level and by location (2017)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of household wastewater treated in South Africa (2015), compared to other countries in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater treated in South Africa, by stream ()

6.3.2 Proportion of water bodies with good water quality in South Africa (2017), compared to other countries in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in South Africa, per capita and by source

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 495 (mm/year) (2017)

Renewable water resources: 905 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 273 m3 per capita (2013)

Environmental flow requirements: 39 % of the renewable water resources (2017)

6.4.2 Level of water stress in South Africa, change over time, compared to countries in the same region

Water withdrawal by sector in South Africa, as a percentage of total water withdrawal (2013)

6.4.1 Water use efficiency (USD/m3) in South Africa, progress over time, compared to other countries in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in South Africa, score by dimension (2017)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation (%) in South Africa, by component (2017)

The “overall” SDG 6.5.2 indicator value represents the values for river and lake basins and transboundary aquifers combined. The SDG 6.5.2 indicator value can also be disaggregated into values for transboundary river and lake basins, and transboundary aquifers.

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursements (million 2017 USD) to South Africa, over time

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes assistance for drinking-water supply, sanitation, wastewater treatment, water resources conservation, development and management, agricultural water resources, flood protection, and hydroelectric power.

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursements (million 2017 USD) to South Africa, by sub-sector, in (2018)

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in South Africa (million 2014 USD), by source (2018)

Stakeholder participation

6.b.1 Existence of procedures defined in law or policy for participation of local communities in water and sanitation planning in South Africa (2017)