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France

Location

  • Geographical region: Europe
  • SDG region: Europe and Northern America

Area

  • Total area : 547,557 km2
  • Land used by sector : 52 % agriculture, 31 % forest and 17 % other

Population

  • Total : 67 million people
  • Population density : 122 people per km2
  • Geographical distribution : 80 % lives in urban areas and 20 % lives in rural areas

Economy

  • GDP : 2,650 billion USD per year
  • GDP per capita : 39,556 USD per year
  • Value added by sector : 2 % from agriculture, 70 % from services and 17 % from industry

Data provider : World Bank

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SDG 6 snapshot in France

  • Drinking water

    98 % of the population in France use a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2017)
  • Sanitation

    88 % of the population in France use a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2017)
  • Hygiene

    --- % of the population in France have access to a basic handwashing facility (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2017)
  • Wastewater

    86 % of the household wastewater in France are safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2015)
  • Water quality

    --- % of water bodies covered by reporting in France have a good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2017)
  • Efficiency

    66 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in France (SDG indicator 6.4.1 on water-use efficiency, 2005)
  • Water stress

    23 % of the renewable water resources in France are being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2 on level of water stress, 2017)
  • Water management

    100 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management (IWRM) in France (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2017)
  • Transboundary

    --- % of transboundary basin area in France have an operational agreement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2017)
  • Ecosystems

    2.1 % is the change in spatial extent of water-related ecosystems in France in 2016 (compared to the baseline year period of 2001–2005), based on earth observation data (SDG indicator 6.6.1)
  • Cooperation

    n/a is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursed to France in 2017 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    --- Stakeholder participation is measured through multiple indicators which are not aggregated into one overall value (SDG indicator 6.b.1)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in France, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using drinking water services in France, by service level and by location (2017)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in France, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using sanitation services in France, by service level and by location (2017)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with handwashing facilities with soap and water at home in France, by service level and by location (2017)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of household wastewater treated in France (2015), compared to other countries in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater treated in France, by stream (2015)

6.3.2 Proportion of water bodies with good water quality in France (2017), compared to other countries in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in France, per capita and by source

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 867 (mm/year) (2017)

Renewable water resources: 3,247 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 452 m3 per capita (2016)

Environmental flow requirements: 46 % of the renewable water resources (2017)

6.4.2 Level of water stress in France, change over time, compared to countries in the same region

Water withdrawal by sector in France, as a percentage of total water withdrawal (2016)

6.4.1 Water use efficiency (USD/m3) in France, progress over time, compared to other countries in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in France, score by dimension (2017)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation (%) in France, by component (2017)

The “overall” SDG 6.5.2 indicator value represents the values for river and lake basins and transboundary aquifers combined. The SDG 6.5.2 indicator value can also be disaggregated into values for transboundary river and lake basins, and transboundary aquifers.

International cooperation and capacity-building

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in France (million 2014 USD), by source (())

Stakeholder participation

6.b.1 Existence of procedures defined in law or policy for participation of local communities in water and sanitation planning in France ()