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Benin

Location

  • Geographical region: Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa
  • SDG region: SDG Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Least Developed Countries

Land

  • Total area: --- km2
  • Land area: 112,760 km(2018)
  • Land use by sector: 33% agriculture, 38% forest and 29% other (2016)

People

  • Total population: 11,485,048 people (2018)
  • Population density: 102 people per km2 (2018)  
  • Urbanisation: 47% lives in urban areas and 53% lives in rural areas (2018)  

Economy

  • Total GDP: 24,710,576,576 USD per year (2018)
  • GDP per capita: 2,152 USD per year (2018)
  • Value added by sector: 23% from agriculture, 46% from services and 21% from industry (2018)
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SDG 6 snapshot in Benin

  • Drinking water

    --- % of the population in Benin uses a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    --- % of the population in Benin uses a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    12 % of the population in Benin has a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2020)
  • Wastewater

    --- % of domestic wastewater in Benin is safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    89 % of monitored water bodies in Benin has good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    39 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Benin (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2019)
  • Water stress

    1 % of the renewable water resources in Benin is being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2, 2019)
  • Water management

    68 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management in Benin (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020) 
  • Transboundary

    83 % of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    41 % of the water basins in Benin is experiencing rapid changes in the area covered by surface waters (SDG 6 indicator 6.6.1, 2020)
  • Cooperation

    43 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Benin in 2020 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + is the number of sub-sectors (out of 6) with a high level of participation by communities in Benin (SDG indicator 6.b.1, 2019)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Benin, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Benin, by service level and location (2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Benin, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Benin, by service level and location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home in Benin, by service level and location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated > Domestic in Benin (2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated in Benin, by source

6.3.2 Level 1 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality in Benin (2017 - 2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Benin, total and per capita

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 1,039 (mm/year) (2019)

Renewable water resources: 2,361 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 18 m3 per capita (2001)

Environmental flow requirements: 49 % of the renewable water resources (2019)

6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources in Benin, change over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Benin, by sector (2019)

Water-use efficiency for ‘Agriculture, forestry and fishing’ only takes into account the proportion of gross value added that comes from irrigated agriculture, since that activity is associated with water withdrawal (other activities are rain-fed).

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Benin, progress over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Benin, progress over time, by dimension

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation in Benin, progress over time, by component

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Benin, over time

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Benin in 2020, by sub-sector

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes water sector policy and governance, water supply, sanitation, water sector policy, water resources conservation, river basins development, waste management/disposal, education and training, agricultural water resources and hydroelectric power.

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Benin, by funding source (2017)

Community participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in Benin (2019)

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in Benin, progress over time, by sub-sector