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Burundi

Location

  • Geographical region: Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa
  • SDG region: SDG Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Least Developed Countries, Land Locked Developing Countries

Land

  • Total area: --- km2
  • Land area: 25,680 km(2018)
  • Land use by sector: 79% agriculture, 11% forest and 10% other (2016)

People

  • Total population: 11,175,378 people (2018)
  • Population density: 435 people per km2 (2018)  
  • Urbanisation: 13% lives in urban areas and 87% lives in rural areas (2018)  

Economy

  • Total GDP: 7,378,718,075 USD per year (2018)
  • GDP per capita: 660 USD per year (2018)
  • Value added by sector: 31% from agriculture, 49% from services and 12% from industry (2016)
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SDG 6 snapshot in Burundi

  • Drinking water

    --- % of the population in Burundi uses a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    --- % of the population in Burundi uses a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    6 % of the population in Burundi has a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2020)
  • Wastewater

    --- % of domestic wastewater in Burundi is safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    100 % of monitored water bodies in Burundi has good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    6 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Burundi (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2019)
  • Water stress

    10 % of the renewable water resources in Burundi is being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2, 2019)
  • Water management

    47 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management in Burundi (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020) 
  • Transboundary

    88 % of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    13 % of the water basins in Burundi is experiencing rapid changes in the area covered by surface waters (SDG 6 indicator 6.6.1, 2020)
  • Cooperation

    42 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Burundi in 2020 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + is the number of sub-sectors (out of 6) with a high level of participation by communities in Burundi (SDG indicator 6.b.1, 2019)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Burundi, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Burundi, by service level and location (2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Burundi, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Burundi, by service level and location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home in Burundi, by service level and location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated > Domestic in Burundi (2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated in Burundi, by source

6.3.2 Level 1 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality in Burundi (2017 - 2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Burundi, total and per capita

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 1,274 (mm/year) (2019)

Renewable water resources: 1,154 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 43 m3 per capita (2000)

Environmental flow requirements: 80 % of the renewable water resources (2019)

6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources in Burundi, change over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Burundi, by sector (2019)

Water-use efficiency for ‘Agriculture, forestry and fishing’ only takes into account the proportion of gross value added that comes from irrigated agriculture, since that activity is associated with water withdrawal (other activities are rain-fed).

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Burundi, progress over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Burundi, progress over time, by dimension

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation in Burundi, progress over time, by component

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Burundi, over time

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Burundi in 2020, by sub-sector

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes water sector policy and governance, water supply, sanitation, water sector policy, water resources conservation, river basins development, waste management/disposal, education and training, agricultural water resources and hydroelectric power.

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Burundi, by funding source

Community participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in Burundi (2019)

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in Burundi, progress over time, by sub-sector