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Cameroon

Location

  • Geographical region: Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa
  • SDG region: SDG Sub-Saharan Africa

Land

  • Total area: --- km2
  • Land area: 472,710 km(2018)
  • Land use by sector: 21% agriculture, 39% forest and 40% other (2016)

People

  • Total population: 25,216,237 people (2018)
  • Population density: 53 people per km2 (2018)  
  • Urbanisation: 56% lives in urban areas and 44% lives in rural areas (2018)  

Economy

  • Total GDP: 84,526,213,645 USD per year (2018)
  • GDP per capita: 3,352 USD per year (2018)
  • Value added by sector: 14% from agriculture, 52% from services and 26% from industry (2018)
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SDG 6 snapshot in Cameroon

  • Drinking water

    --- % of the population in Cameroon uses a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    --- % of the population in Cameroon uses a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    36 % of the population in Cameroon has a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2020)
  • Wastewater

    --- % of domestic wastewater in Cameroon is safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    --- % of monitored water bodies in Cameroon has good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    26 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Cameroon (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2019)
  • Water stress

    2 % of the renewable water resources in Cameroon is being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2, 2019)
  • Water management

    40 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management in Cameroon (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020) 
  • Transboundary

    88 % of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    47 % of the water basins in Cameroon is experiencing rapid changes in the area covered by surface waters (SDG 6 indicator 6.6.1, 2020)
  • Cooperation

    82 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Cameroon in 2020 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + is the number of sub-sectors (out of 6) with a high level of participation by communities in Cameroon (SDG indicator 6.b.1, 2019)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Cameroon, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Cameroon, by service level and location (2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Cameroon, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Cameroon, by service level and location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home in Cameroon, by service level and location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated > Domestic in Cameroon (2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated in Cameroon, by source

6.3.2 Level 1 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality in Cameroon (2017 - 2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Cameroon, total and per capita

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 1,604 (mm/year) (2019)

Renewable water resources: 11,769 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 60 m3 per capita (2000)

Environmental flow requirements: 75 % of the renewable water resources (2019)

6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources in Cameroon, change over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Cameroon, by sector (2019)

Water-use efficiency for ‘Agriculture, forestry and fishing’ only takes into account the proportion of gross value added that comes from irrigated agriculture, since that activity is associated with water withdrawal (other activities are rain-fed).

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Cameroon, progress over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Cameroon, progress over time, by dimension

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation in Cameroon, progress over time, by component

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Cameroon, over time

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Cameroon in 2020, by sub-sector

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes water sector policy and governance, water supply, sanitation, water sector policy, water resources conservation, river basins development, waste management/disposal, education and training, agricultural water resources and hydroelectric power.

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Cameroon, by funding source

Community participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in Cameroon (2014-2019)

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in Cameroon, progress over time, by sub-sector