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Chad

Location

  • Geographical region: Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa
  • SDG region: SDG Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Least Developed Countries, Land Locked Developing Countries

Land

  • Total area: --- km2
  • Land area: 1,259,200 km(2018)
  • Land use by sector: 40% agriculture, 4% forest and 56% other (2016)

People

  • Total population: 15,477,751 people (2018)
  • Population density: 12 people per km2 (2018)  
  • Urbanisation: 23% lives in urban areas and 77% lives in rural areas (2018)  

Economy

  • Total GDP: 27,031,614,679 USD per year (2018)
  • GDP per capita: 1,746 USD per year (2018)
  • Value added by sector: 45% from agriculture, 38% from services and 14% from industry (2018)
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SDG 6 snapshot in Chad

  • Drinking water

    6 % of the population in Chad uses a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    10 % of the population in Chad uses a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    25 % of the population in Chad has a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2020)
  • Wastewater

    2 % of domestic wastewater in Chad is safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    --- % of monitored water bodies in Chad has good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    10 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Chad (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2019)
  • Water stress

    4 % of the renewable water resources in Chad is being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2, 2019)
  • Water management

    37 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management in Chad (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020) 
  • Transboundary

    44 % of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    7 % of the water basins in Chad is experiencing rapid changes in the area covered by surface waters (SDG 6 indicator 6.6.1, 2020)
  • Cooperation

    30 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Chad in 2020 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + is the number of sub-sectors (out of 6) with a high level of participation by communities in Chad (SDG indicator 6.b.1, 2019)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Chad, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Chad, by service level and location (2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Chad, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Chad, by service level and location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home in Chad, by service level and location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated > Domestic in Chad (2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated in Chad, by source (2020)

6.3.2 Level 1 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality in Chad (2017 - 2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in Chad, total and per capita

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 322 (mm/year) (2019)

Renewable water resources: 3,067 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 82 m3 per capita (2005)

Environmental flow requirements: 55 % of the renewable water resources (2019)

6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources in Chad, change over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Chad, by sector (2019)

Water-use efficiency for ‘Agriculture, forestry and fishing’ only takes into account the proportion of gross value added that comes from irrigated agriculture, since that activity is associated with water withdrawal (other activities are rain-fed).

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in Chad, progress over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Chad, progress over time, by dimension

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation in Chad, progress over time, by component

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Chad, over time

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Chad in 2020, by sub-sector

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes water sector policy and governance, water supply, sanitation, water sector policy, water resources conservation, river basins development, waste management/disposal, education and training, agricultural water resources and hydroelectric power.

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Chad, by funding source

Community participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in Chad (2019)

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in Chad, progress over time, by sub-sector