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Ethiopia

Location

  • Geographical region: Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa
  • SDG region: SDG Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Least Developed Countries, Land Locked Developing Countries

Land

  • Total area: --- km2
  • Land area: 1,000,000 km(2018)
  • Land use by sector: 36% agriculture, 13% forest and 51% other (2016)

People

  • Total population: 109,224,559 people (2018)
  • Population density: 109 people per km2 (2018)  
  • Urbanisation: 21% lives in urban areas and 79% lives in rural areas (2018)  

Economy

  • Total GDP: 195,980,621,979 USD per year (2018)
  • GDP per capita: 1,794 USD per year (2018)
  • Value added by sector: 31% from agriculture, 37% from services and 27% from industry (2018)
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SDG 6 snapshot in Ethiopia

  • Drinking water

    13 % of the population in Ethiopia uses a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    7 % of the population in Ethiopia uses a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    8 % of the population in Ethiopia has a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2020)
  • Wastewater

    --- % of domestic wastewater in Ethiopia is safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    97 % of monitored water bodies in Ethiopia has good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    5 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Ethiopia (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2019)
  • Water stress

    32 % of the renewable water resources in Ethiopia is being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2, 2019)
  • Water management

    41 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management in Ethiopia (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020) 
  • Transboundary

    --- % of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    29 % of the water basins in Ethiopia is experiencing rapid changes in the area covered by surface waters (SDG 6 indicator 6.6.1, 2020)
  • Cooperation

    155 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Ethiopia in 2020 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + is the number of sub-sectors (out of 6) with a high level of participation by communities in Ethiopia (SDG indicator 6.b.1, 2019)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Ethiopia, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Ethiopia, by service level and location (2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Ethiopia, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Ethiopia, by service level and location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home in Ethiopia, by service level and location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated > Domestic in ethiopia (2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated in ethiopia, by source

6.3.2 Level 1 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality in ethiopia (2017 - 2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in ethiopia, total and per capita

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 848 (mm/year) (2019)

Renewable water resources: 1,162 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 100 m3 per capita (2016)

Environmental flow requirements: 73 % of the renewable water resources (2019)

6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources in ethiopia, change over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in ethiopia, by sector (2019)

Water-use efficiency for ‘Agriculture, forestry and fishing’ only takes into account the proportion of gross value added that comes from irrigated agriculture, since that activity is associated with water withdrawal (other activities are rain-fed).

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in ethiopia, progress over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Ethiopia, progress over time, by dimension

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation in Ethiopia, progress over time, by component

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Ethiopia, over time

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Ethiopia in 2020, by sub-sector

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes water sector policy and governance, water supply, sanitation, water sector policy, water resources conservation, river basins development, waste management/disposal, education and training, agricultural water resources and hydroelectric power.

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Ethiopia, by funding source

Community participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in ethiopia (2019)

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in ethiopia, progress over time, by sub-sector