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Mali

Location

  • Geographical region: Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa
  • SDG region: SDG Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Least Developed Countries, Land Locked Developing Countries

Land

  • Total area: --- km2
  • Land area: 1,220,190 km(2018)
  • Land use by sector: 34% agriculture, 4% forest and 62% other (2016)

People

  • Total population: 19,077,690 people (2018)
  • Population density: 16 people per km2 (2018)  
  • Urbanisation: 42% lives in urban areas and 58% lives in rural areas (2018)  

Economy

  • Total GDP: 39,216,536,678 USD per year (2018)
  • GDP per capita: 2,056 USD per year (2018)
  • Value added by sector: 39% from agriculture, 37% from services and 19% from industry (2018)
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SDG 6 snapshot in Mali

  • Drinking water

    --- % of the population in Mali uses a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    20 % of the population in Mali uses a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    17 % of the population in Mali has a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2020)
  • Wastewater

    --- % of domestic wastewater in Mali is safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    70 % of monitored water bodies in Mali has good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    2 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Mali (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2019)
  • Water stress

    8 % of the renewable water resources in Mali is being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2, 2019)
  • Water management

    52 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management in Mali (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020) 
  • Transboundary

    75 % of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    11 % of the water basins in Mali is experiencing rapid changes in the area covered by surface waters (SDG 6 indicator 6.6.1, 2020)
  • Cooperation

    117 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Mali in 2020 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + is the number of sub-sectors (out of 6) with a high level of participation by communities in Mali (SDG indicator 6.b.1, 2019)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Mali, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Mali, by service level and location (2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Mali, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Mali, by service level and location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home in Mali, by service level and location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated > Domestic in mali (2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated in mali, by source

6.3.2 Level 1 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality in mali (2017 - 2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in mali, total and per capita

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 282 (mm/year) (2019)

Renewable water resources: 6,472 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 379 m3 per capita (2006)

Environmental flow requirements: 46 % of the renewable water resources (2019)

6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources in mali, change over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in mali, by sector (2019)

Water-use efficiency for ‘Agriculture, forestry and fishing’ only takes into account the proportion of gross value added that comes from irrigated agriculture, since that activity is associated with water withdrawal (other activities are rain-fed).

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in mali, progress over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Mali, progress over time, by dimension

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation in Mali, progress over time, by component

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Mali, over time

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Mali in 2020, by sub-sector

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes water sector policy and governance, water supply, sanitation, water sector policy, water resources conservation, river basins development, waste management/disposal, education and training, agricultural water resources and hydroelectric power.

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Mali, by funding source (2015)

Community participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in mali (2019)

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in mali, progress over time, by sub-sector