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Mauritania

Location

  • Geographical region: Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa
  • SDG region: SDG Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Least Developed Countries

Land

  • Total area: --- km2
  • Land area: 1,030,700 km(2018)
  • Land use by sector: 39% agriculture, 0% forest and 61% other (2016)

People

  • Total population: 4,403,319 people (2018)
  • Population density: 4 people per km2 (2018)  
  • Urbanisation: 54% lives in urban areas and 46% lives in rural areas (2018)  

Economy

  • Total GDP: 16,399,782,305 USD per year (2018)
  • GDP per capita: 3,724 USD per year (2018)
  • Value added by sector: 24% from agriculture, 38% from services and 24% from industry (2018)
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SDG 6 snapshot in Mauritania

  • Drinking water

    --- % of the population in Mauritania uses a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    --- % of the population in Mauritania uses a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    53 % of the population in Mauritania has a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2019)
  • Wastewater

    --- % of domestic wastewater in Mauritania is safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    --- % of monitored water bodies in Mauritania has good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    4 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Mauritania (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2019)
  • Water stress

    13 % of the renewable water resources in Mauritania is being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2, 2019)
  • Water management

    47 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management in Mauritania (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020) 
  • Transboundary

    --- % of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    10 % of the water basins in Mauritania is experiencing rapid changes in the area covered by surface waters (SDG 6 indicator 6.6.1, 2020)
  • Cooperation

    60 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Mauritania in 2020 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + is the number of sub-sectors (out of 6) with a high level of participation by communities in Mauritania (SDG indicator 6.b.1, 2019)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Mauritania, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Mauritania, by service level and location (2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Mauritania, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Mauritania, by service level and location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home in Mauritania, by service level and location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated > Domestic in mauritania (2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated in mauritania, by source

6.3.2 Level 1 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality in mauritania (2017 - 2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in mauritania, total and per capita

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 92 (mm/year) (2019)

Renewable water resources: 2,579 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 408 m3 per capita (2005)

Environmental flow requirements: 9 % of the renewable water resources (2019)

6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources in mauritania, change over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in mauritania, by sector (2019)

Water-use efficiency for ‘Agriculture, forestry and fishing’ only takes into account the proportion of gross value added that comes from irrigated agriculture, since that activity is associated with water withdrawal (other activities are rain-fed).

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in mauritania, progress over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Mauritania, progress over time, by dimension

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation in Mauritania, progress over time, by component

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Mauritania, over time

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Mauritania in 2020, by sub-sector

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes water sector policy and governance, water supply, sanitation, water sector policy, water resources conservation, river basins development, waste management/disposal, education and training, agricultural water resources and hydroelectric power.

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Mauritania, by funding source (2017)

Community participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in mauritania (2019)

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in mauritania, progress over time, by sub-sector