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Mozambique

Location

  • Geographical region: Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa
  • SDG region: SDG Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Least Developed Countries

Land

  • Total area: --- km2
  • Land area: 786,380 km(2018)
  • Land use by sector: 64% agriculture, 48% forest and -12% other (2016)

People

  • Total population: 29,495,962 people (2018)
  • Population density: 38 people per km2 (2018)  
  • Urbanisation: 36% lives in urban areas and 64% lives in rural areas (2018)  

Economy

  • Total GDP: 34,816,246,688 USD per year (2018)
  • GDP per capita: 1,180 USD per year (2018)
  • Value added by sector: 21% from agriculture, 47% from services and 25% from industry (2018)
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SDG 6 snapshot in Mozambique

  • Drinking water

    --- % of the population in Mozambique uses a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    --- % of the population in Mozambique uses a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    12 % of the population in Mozambique has a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2015)
  • Wastewater

    --- % of domestic wastewater in Mozambique is safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    --- % of monitored water bodies in Mozambique has good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    8 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Mozambique (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2019)
  • Water stress

    2 % of the renewable water resources in Mozambique is being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2, 2019)
  • Water management

    62 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management in Mozambique (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020) 
  • Transboundary

    --- % of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    24 % of the water basins in Mozambique is experiencing rapid changes in the area covered by surface waters (SDG 6 indicator 6.6.1, 2020)
  • Cooperation

    132 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Mozambique in 2020 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + is the number of sub-sectors (out of 6) with a high level of participation by communities in Mozambique (SDG indicator 6.b.1, 2019)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Mozambique, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Mozambique, by service level and location (2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Mozambique, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Mozambique, by service level and location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home in Mozambique, by service level and location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated > Domestic in mozambique (2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated in mozambique, by source

6.3.2 Level 1 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality in mozambique (2017 - 2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in mozambique, total and per capita

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 1,032 (mm/year) (2019)

Renewable water resources: 7,317 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 50 m3 per capita (2015)

Environmental flow requirements: 61 % of the renewable water resources (2019)

6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources in mozambique, change over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in mozambique, by sector (2019)

Water-use efficiency for ‘Agriculture, forestry and fishing’ only takes into account the proportion of gross value added that comes from irrigated agriculture, since that activity is associated with water withdrawal (other activities are rain-fed).

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in mozambique, progress over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Mozambique, progress over time, by dimension

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation in Mozambique, progress over time, by component

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Mozambique, over time

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Mozambique in 2020, by sub-sector

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes water sector policy and governance, water supply, sanitation, water sector policy, water resources conservation, river basins development, waste management/disposal, education and training, agricultural water resources and hydroelectric power.

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Mozambique, by funding source (2017)

Community participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in mozambique (2019)

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in mozambique, progress over time, by sub-sector