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Nigeria

Location

  • Geographical region: Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa
  • SDG region: SDG Sub-Saharan Africa

Land

  • Total area: --- km2
  • Land area: 910,770 km(2018)
  • Land use by sector: 78% agriculture, 7% forest and 15% other (2016)

People

  • Total population: 195,874,740 people (2018)
  • Population density: 215 people per km2 (2018)  
  • Urbanisation: 50% lives in urban areas and 50% lives in rural areas (2018)  

Economy

  • Total GDP: 1,041,235,483,373 USD per year (2018)
  • GDP per capita: 5,316 USD per year (2018)
  • Value added by sector: 21% from agriculture, 52% from services and 24% from industry (2018)
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SDG 6 snapshot in Nigeria

  • Drinking water

    22 % of the population in Nigeria uses a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    31 % of the population in Nigeria uses a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    33 % of the population in Nigeria has a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2020)
  • Wastewater

    48 % of domestic wastewater in Nigeria is safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    13 % of monitored water bodies in Nigeria has good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    32 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Nigeria (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2019)
  • Water stress

    10 % of the renewable water resources in Nigeria is being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2, 2019)
  • Water management

    44 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management in Nigeria (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020) 
  • Transboundary

    --- % of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    38 % of the water basins in Nigeria is experiencing rapid changes in the area covered by surface waters (SDG 6 indicator 6.6.1, 2020)
  • Cooperation

    132 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Nigeria in 2020 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + is the number of sub-sectors (out of 6) with a high level of participation by communities in Nigeria (SDG indicator 6.b.1, 2019)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Nigeria, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Nigeria, by service level and location (2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Nigeria, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Nigeria, by service level and location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home in Nigeria, by service level and location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated > Domestic in nigeria (2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated in nigeria, by source (2020)

6.3.2 Level 1 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality in nigeria (2017 - 2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in nigeria, total and per capita

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 1,150 (mm/year) (2019)

Renewable water resources: 1,499 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 75 m3 per capita (2010)

Environmental flow requirements: 55 % of the renewable water resources (2019)

6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources in nigeria, change over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in nigeria, by sector (2019)

Water-use efficiency for ‘Agriculture, forestry and fishing’ only takes into account the proportion of gross value added that comes from irrigated agriculture, since that activity is associated with water withdrawal (other activities are rain-fed).

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in nigeria, progress over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Nigeria, progress over time, by dimension

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation in Nigeria, progress over time, by component

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Nigeria, over time

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Nigeria in 2020, by sub-sector

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes water sector policy and governance, water supply, sanitation, water sector policy, water resources conservation, river basins development, waste management/disposal, education and training, agricultural water resources and hydroelectric power.

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Nigeria, by funding source (2018)

Community participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in nigeria (2019)

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in nigeria, progress over time, by sub-sector