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Tunisia

Location

  • Geographical region: Northern Africa, Africa
  • SDG region: SDG Northern Africa and Western Asia

Land

  • Total area: --- km2
  • Land area: 155,360 km(2018)
  • Land use by sector: 65% agriculture, 7% forest and 28% other (2016)

People

  • Total population: 11,565,204 people (2018)
  • Population density: 74 people per km2 (2018)  
  • Urbanisation: 69% lives in urban areas and 31% lives in rural areas (2018)  

Economy

  • Total GDP: 128,333,103,487 USD per year (2018)
  • GDP per capita: 11,096 USD per year (2018)
  • Value added by sector: 10% from agriculture, 60% from services and 23% from industry (2017)
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SDG 6 snapshot in Tunisia

  • Drinking water

    79 % of the population in Tunisia uses a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    81 % of the population in Tunisia uses a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    84 % of the population in Tunisia has a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2020)
  • Wastewater

    60 % of domestic wastewater in Tunisia is safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    85 % of monitored water bodies in Tunisia has good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    10 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Tunisia (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2019)
  • Water stress

    96 % of the renewable water resources in Tunisia is being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2, 2019)
  • Water management

    60 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management in Tunisia (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020) 
  • Transboundary

    80 % of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    21 % of the water basins in Tunisia is experiencing rapid changes in the area covered by surface waters (SDG 6 indicator 6.6.1, 2020)
  • Cooperation

    293 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Tunisia in 2020 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + is the number of sub-sectors (out of 6) with a high level of participation by communities in Tunisia (SDG indicator 6.b.1, 2019)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Tunisia, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Tunisia, by service level and location (2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Tunisia, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Tunisia, by service level and location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home in Tunisia, by service level and location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated > Domestic in tunisia (2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated in tunisia, by source (2015 - 2020)

6.3.2 Level 1 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality in tunisia (2017 - 2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in tunisia, total and per capita

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 207 (mm/year) (2019)

Renewable water resources: 400 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 423 m3 per capita (2017)

Environmental flow requirements: 22 % of the renewable water resources (2019)

6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources in tunisia, change over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in tunisia, by sector (2019)

Water-use efficiency for ‘Agriculture, forestry and fishing’ only takes into account the proportion of gross value added that comes from irrigated agriculture, since that activity is associated with water withdrawal (other activities are rain-fed).

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in tunisia, progress over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Tunisia, progress over time, by dimension

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation in Tunisia, progress over time, by component

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Tunisia, over time

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Tunisia in 2020, by sub-sector

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes water sector policy and governance, water supply, sanitation, water sector policy, water resources conservation, river basins development, waste management/disposal, education and training, agricultural water resources and hydroelectric power.

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Tunisia, by funding source

Community participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in tunisia (2014-2019)

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in tunisia, progress over time, by sub-sector