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Zambia

Location

  • Geographical region: Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa
  • SDG region: SDG Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Least Developed Countries, Land Locked Developing Countries

Land

  • Total area: --- km2
  • Land area: 743,390 km(2018)
  • Land use by sector: 32% agriculture, 65% forest and 3% other (2016)

People

  • Total population: 17,351,822 people (2018)
  • Population density: 23 people per km2 (2018)  
  • Urbanisation: 44% lives in urban areas and 56% lives in rural areas (2018)  

Economy

  • Total GDP: 65,034,150,898 USD per year (2018)
  • GDP per capita: 3,748 USD per year (2018)
  • Value added by sector: 3% from agriculture, 54% from services and 36% from industry (2018)
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SDG 6 snapshot in Zambia

  • Drinking water

    --- % of the population in Zambia uses a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2020)
  • Sanitation

    --- % of the population in Zambia uses a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2020)
  • Hygiene

    18 % of the population in Zambia has a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2020)
  • Wastewater

    --- % of domestic wastewater in Zambia is safely treated (SDG indicator 6.3.1, 2020)
  • Water quality

    --- % of monitored water bodies in Zambia has good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2, 2020)
  • Efficiency

    14 $/m<sup>3</sup> is the value added from the use of water by people and the economy in Zambia (SDG indicator 6.4.1, 2019)
  • Water stress

    3 % of the renewable water resources in Zambia is being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2, 2019)
  • Water management

    58 % is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management in Zambia (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2020) 
  • Transboundary

    70 % of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2020)
  • Ecosystems

    20 % of the water basins in Zambia is experiencing rapid changes in the area covered by surface waters (SDG 6 indicator 6.6.1, 2020)
  • Cooperation

    69 m$ is the amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Zambia in 2020 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + is the number of sub-sectors (out of 6) with a high level of participation by communities in Zambia (SDG indicator 6.b.1, 2019)

Drinking water

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Zambia, progress over time

6.1.1 Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services in Zambia, by service level and location (2020)

Sanitation and hygiene

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Zambia, progress over time

6.2.1a Proportion of population using safely managed sanitation services in Zambia, by service level and location (2020)

6.2.1b Proportion of population with a handwashing facility with soap and water available at home in Zambia, by service level and location (2020)

Water quality and wastewater

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated > Domestic in zambia (2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.3.1 Proportion of wastewater flow (safely) treated in zambia, by source

6.3.2 Level 1 Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality in zambia (2017 - 2020), compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water use and scarcity

Water resources and withdrawal in zambia, total and per capita

Long-term average annual precipitation in depth: 1,020 (mm/year) (2019)

Renewable water resources: 6,131 m3 per capita (2017)

Water withdrawal: 141 m3 per capita (2002)

Environmental flow requirements: 47 % of the renewable water resources (2019)

6.4.2 Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources in zambia, change over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in zambia, by sector (2019)

Water-use efficiency for ‘Agriculture, forestry and fishing’ only takes into account the proportion of gross value added that comes from irrigated agriculture, since that activity is associated with water withdrawal (other activities are rain-fed).

6.4.1 Change in water-use efficiency over time in zambia, progress over time, compared to other countries (and areas) in the region

Water resources management

6.5.1 Degree of integrated water resources management implementation (0-100) in Zambia, progress over time, by dimension

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation in Zambia, progress over time, by component

Very low (0-10) – Low (11-30) – Medium-low (31-50) – Medium-high (51-70) – High (71-90) – Very high (91-100)

International cooperation and capacity-building

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Zambia, over time

6.a.1 Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance received by Zambia in 2020, by sub-sector

Water and sanitation-related official development assistance includes water sector policy and governance, water supply, sanitation, water sector policy, water resources conservation, river basins development, waste management/disposal, education and training, agricultural water resources and hydroelectric power.

Annual expenditure for drinking water, sanitation and hygiene in Zambia, by funding source (2019)

Community participation

6.b.1 Procedures in law or policy for participation by users/communities and level of participation in zambia (2019)

6.b.1 Level of participation by users/communities in zambia, progress over time, by sub-sector