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Progress on Transboundary Water Cooperation (SDG target 6.5)

Transboundary water cooperation plays a crucial role in supporting wider regional integration, peace and sustainable development, as well as in tackling regional security challenges and in supporting climate change adaptation.

  • 59 % of the world’s transboundary basin areas has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2023)

Available time series: 2017-2023
Number of countries (and areas) sharing transboundary waters: 153
Number of countries (and areas) reporting in the last five years: 124
Learn more about the indicator here
Read the latest progress report here  

SDG target 6.5 is: ‘By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate.’

To track progress towards the target, indicator 6.5.2 looks at the area of a country within transboundary basins and assesses the extent to which that area is covered by operational cooperation arrangements.

Global status of indicator 6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation (2023)

Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for cooperation (%)

Progress over time of indicator @indicator

Status in different countries (or areas) of indicator 6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation (2023)

  • Australia and New Zealand
  • Eastern and South-Eastern Asia
  • Central and Southern Asia
  • Latin America and the Caribbean
  • Europe and Northern America
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Oceania (excluding Australia and New Zealand)
  • Northern Africa and Western Asia

Status in different SDG regions of indicator @indicator ()

Status of different components of indicator 6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation (2023)

Source data indicator 6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation

Country (or area), regional and world data for the latest year of reporting: 2020 - 2023

Country (or area), region, worldYear 6.5.2 Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation
Overall Transboundary river and lake basins Transboundary aquifers
Afghanistan202351.66
Albania202354.4956.0151.67
Algeria202357.54058.32
Andorra20234.384.38
Angola202378.8410015.24
Argentina202360.4199.570
Armenia202310.1511.30
Austria2023100100100
Azerbaijan202321.7327.753.86
Bahrain202300
Bangladesh202338.46
Belarus202330.3238.6228.22
Belgium2023100100100
Belize2023000
Benin202386.9398.368.05
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)202394.6894.5794.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina202392.7596.3273.32
Botswana2023100100100
Brazil202355.7599.760
Brunei Darussalam2023000
Bulgaria2023100100100
Burkina Faso202394.9193.57100
Burundi2020176.68184.06158.78
Cambodia202397.6710094.85
Cameroon202373.0169.2392.03
Canada202369.6991.270
Chad202344.4235.8553.18
Chile202378.687.210
Congo202395.5996.5994.34
Costa Rica202314.4613.76100
Croatia2023100100100
Czechia2023100100100
Côte d'Ivoire202325.1828.30
Democratic Republic of the Congo202366.4199.860
Denmark2023100100
Dominican Republic2023000
Ecuador2020200200200
Egypt2023100
El Salvador20230.320.280.64
Equatorial Guinea202300
Estonia2023100100100
Eswatini202391.961008.14
Ethiopia202349.510
Finland2023100100
France202353.2751.83100
Gabon2020000
Gambia202395.3390.65100
Georgia2023000
Germany2023100100100
Ghana202391.0588.3695.68
Greece202352.5658.7945.4
Guinea202378.9579.0873.61
Guinea-Bissau2023100100100
Guyana20235.738.050
Honduras2023000
Hungary2023100100100
Indonesia20231.2289.930
Iraq202318.3834.40
Ireland2023000
Italy202397.1196.02100
Jordan202325.7329.323.82
Kazakhstan202363.411000
Kenya202335.8454.990
Kuwait202300
Kyrgyzstan202339.3943.680
Lao People's Democratic Republic202392.75
Latvia202397.0610093.49
Lebanon202379.69
Lesotho20201002000
Liberia202329.4230.390
Libya202397.9697.96
Liechtenstein2023100100100
Lithuania202334.0625.6950.17
Luxembourg2023100100100
Malawi202361.493.144.45
Malaysia2023000
Mali2020150.7199.82121.34
Mauritania202326.694.3817.87
Mexico202333.1949.650
Mongolia2023100100100
Montenegro202367.0484.821.47
Morocco2023000
Myanmar202319.0423.370
Namibia2023100100100
Nepal20234.918.350
Netherlands2023100100100
Nicaragua2023000
Niger202385.6689.3981.23
Nigeria202398.7210096.71
North Macedonia202312.9413.2412.22
Norway202389.4589.4688.31
Oman202300
Panama202317.813.4100
Paraguay202350.861000
Peru202028.22
Poland202379.2683.3466.51
Portugal2023100100
Qatar202000
Republic of Korea2023000
Republic of Moldova2023100100100
Romania2023100100100
Rwanda2023100100100
San Marino2023000
Saudi Arabia202370.9370.93
Senegal2023100100100
Serbia202389.6592.5173.73
Sierra Leone2023100100
Slovakia202381.510027.93
Slovenia2023100100100
Somalia2023000
South Africa202396.3610072.91
South Sudan202355.511000
Spain2023100100
Suriname2023000
Sweden2023100100100
Switzerland202390.2393.574.11
Thailand202362.3390.110
Togo202395.7310080.81
Tunisia202380.470100
Turkmenistan202366.02
Uganda202398.6898.47100
Ukraine20232724.0463.76
United Arab Emirates2023000
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland2023000
United Republic of Tanzania202361.2379.093.42
United States of America202383.371000
Uruguay202354.641000
Uzbekistan202369.591000
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)20207.0213.920
Viet Nam2020-202328.860
World202358.5465.7545.88
Yemen202300
Zambia202377.7478.8466.07
Zimbabwe202390.3694.3853.57
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