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Sustainable Development Goal 6 on water and sanitation (SDG 6)

SDG 6 seeks to ensure safe drinking water and sanitation for all, focusing on the sustainable management of water resources, wastewater and ecosystems, and acknowledging the importance of an enabling environment. In the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, countries have committed to engage in systematic follow-up and review of progress towards the Goals and targets, using a set of global indicators.

Global Status

  • Drinking water

    71 of the world’s population use a safely managed drinking water service (SDG indicator 6.1.1, 2017)
  • Sanitation

    44.99 of the world’s population use a safely managed sanitation service (SDG indicator 6.2.1a, 2017)
  • Hygiene

    60.13 of the world’s population have access to a basic handwashing facility (SDG indicator 6.2.1b, 2017
  • Wastewater

    At the global level, not enough country data were reported in 2015 to estimate the proportion of safely treated wastewater (SDG indicator 6.3.1)
  • Water quality

    At the global level, not enough country data were reported in 2017 to estimate the proportion of water bodies with a good ambient water quality (SDG indicator 6.3.2)
  • Efficiency

    At the global level, not enough country data were reported in 2015 to estimate the value added from the use of water by people and the economy (SDG indicator 6.4.1 on water-use efficiency)
  • Water stress

    At the global level, not enough country data were reported in 2017 to estimate how much of the world’s renewable water resources that are being withdrawn, after taking into account environmental flow requirements (SDG indicator 6.4.2 on level of water stress)
  • Water management

    49 is the degree of implementation of integrated water resources management (IWRM) at the global level (SDG indicator 6.5.1, 2017) based on reporting from 172 countries
  • Transboundary

    59.02 of transboundary basin area has an operational arrangement for water cooperation (SDG indicator 6.5.2, 2017), based on reporting from 61 countries
  • Ecosystems

    At the global level, not enough country data were reported in 2016 to estimate the change in the extent of water-related ecosystems (SDG indicator 6.6.1)
  • Cooperation

    8.8 is the global amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance disbursed in 2017 (SDG indicator 6.a.1)
  • Participation

    + Stakeholder participation is measured through multiple indicators which are not aggregated into one overall value (SDG 6 indicator 6.b.1)

There are 11 global indicators to track progress towards SDG 6. The global estimates are based on country data, compiled and verified by the United Nations agencies responsible, sometimes complemented by data from other sources. For some indicators, there are not enough country data available to make a global estimates.

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About the global indicators for SDG 6